Polished Concrete Process

Polished concrete is strong, durable and low maintenance while having that earthy texture of stone with a polish equal to granite. Here is how it is done. Before you start buffing, care has to be taken that impregnated stones or foreign materials that could cause potential damage to the tire buffing machine needs to be removed by the operator.

It is similar to traditional polished terrazzo which is very flat and poured as a special mix to make the finish more successful. Polished concrete floors can also look almost bumpy and have little or no aggregate showing. Flatness and polishing are not necessarily the same thing which is a good point to clear up before agreeing to your project.

It costs extra time and diamond wear to cut floors with a concrete grinder until they are flat. They can either be ground flat to fully expose the aggregate like terrazzo, or the aggregate can be partially exposed, or the concrete grinding can expose no more than the fine sands at the surface. It often takes skill and experience to control the process of polished concrete floors and the quality of the concreter’s original laying work is also a contributing factor in the quality of the finish. Where the aggregate is a feature special materials can be added to the wet concrete mix such as coloured pebbles, metals and glass to enhance the final appearance.

Most people are unaware that there are ten to fifteen steps for polished concrete floors which takes a long time to complete and can be quite expensive.

Typically it takes many grinding passes to finish a highly polished floor although there are other ways as explained later. The general rule is to double the diamond grit size under the concrete grinder for each pass so a contractor might start with very coarse, 16 or 32 grit size diamonds, then use 60 grit diamonds followed by 120, then start again with a 50 grit diamond resin pad instead of a metal segment. Using the resin pads the steps may be 100, then 200, 400, 800, 1500 and finally 3000 grit. That would be ten separate grinding passes which does not count the two other essential steps.

Two more essential steps:

1. Hardening the surface

Polished concrete floors usually have the surface hardened with a chemical before the second, third or fourth grinding pass. The chemical soaks into the floor to a few millimeters (up to half an inch) and causes a chemical reaction to take place that makes the floor harder and easier to polish to a high finish. These floors are very strong and durable without having a surface coating.

2. Filling holes

After the first concrete grinder pass removes the top layer of concrete paste it will expose millions of tiny air holes. If these are not filled before the hardening process then the final polished concrete floor will show these unsightly imperfections. The holes are usually filled with an acrylic tile adhesive type of product mixed with either the grinding dust or cement powder which is hand scraped across the floor using a trowel. The preferred way to fill the holes is to spray the acrylic adhesive ahead of the grinder so that the diamonds mix it into the holes with the grinding dust on the third or fourth pass at around 120 grit. This method is faster and the dust matches the colour of the floor to hide the holes better than when using cement powder.

Very flat or slightly bumpy polished?

Some floor grinder machines are designed to produce a very flat floor by cutting off the high spots while some others are designed to follow the contours of the floor more. If the surface is to be polished without necessarily exposing the aggregate then only the finer resin pads need to be used on a concrete grinder that allows for movement of the pads so they can follow the contours of the surface. This will result in a polished floor without showing the pattern and texture of the exposed aggregates within the concrete which is faster and less expensive. Hardening can still be an advantage to help the durability of the surface and to produce a final gloss.

Problems with exposed aggregate

Sometimes the finish of exposed aggregate can be uneven if the mix of concrete was poured unevenly or finished off poorly. Boot marks or kneeling board marks can appear suddenly because they have pushed the aggregate down further which might require grinding down another two or three millimeters (quarter of an inch) which will cost more than was quoted. Grinding this far may not be what the customer wanted either so it can be a risk.

Single head or multiple head machines

Original terrazzo grinding was done with single head floor grinders until the production of three-head planetary machines. Planetary means that each head turns one direction while the turntable that houses the heads turns independently in either the same direction or the opposite direction. Some grinders can vary the direction of both the turntable and the heads and some can vary the speed of each. There are also multiple head planetary machines with four or more heads.

The planetary heads can follow the contours better than single or twin head grinders and are faster to use with less effort due to eliminating the requirement to physically move the grinder from side to side or in a circular motion. Single head terrazzo grinders should be moved in a circular motion to avoid grinding lips or shoulders.


As with wood floors the edges must be finished separately to the main floor area because the large machines may bump and damage the walls if they are used too close. For the first grinding passes a nine inch angle grinder is used having a diamond wheel attached with a dust extraction shroud fitted to remove the dust. The sit-down-to-use edge grinders are more controllable than stand up grinders while kneel-to-use grinders have good control, but are exhausting.

After the first two or three cuts a different dust extraction shroud with a corner feature is used with a seven inch polisher or a five inch, multi speed grinder to polish with resin pads and get tight into the corners.

Simple polished concrete floors “look”

The number of processes for polishing concrete can be reduced by up to 60% and still achieve a similar appearance by grinding and then coating with a clear sealer. The first step is to grind with 30/40 grit diamonds to expose the aggregate, then fill all the small air holes as described above (in 10 to 15 steps….) before a second grind with 60/80 grit or 80/100 grit diamonds.

This will produce a smooth enough surface to coat with a sealer. Polyurethanes are very hard sealers with a high gloss and can be purchased as UV stable to stop yellowing (usually double the price of non UV stable urethanes), clear epoxy sealers are not as smooth and will chalk and deteriorate if exposed to sunlight and acrylic sealers have a much shorter lifespan due to their poor resistance to wear. Two coats are necessary to provide a high gloss level.

Different ways to achieve “polished concrete”

The first is to cut the floor with coarse diamonds until all the high spots have been removed to produce a flat floor and then use all of the 12 to 15 steps to eventually polish it or as it is sometimes called, hone it. This is the true polishing system.

A variation of the above is to cut perhaps half of the height of the higher peaks by starting with a medium coarse diamond grit and proceed through to polishing using a machine that can ride up and over small rises.

A third alternative way of producing a honed surface is to start with relatively fine diamonds and simply polish to top of the surface after hardening without removing much of the top cement paste. It is easier to do this when the floor has been laid flat and smooth.

Lastly, a “polished look” can be obtained by grinding with coarse diamonds and then fine diamonds before coating over with a clear sealer.

Only truly polished floors will retain their gloss with little maintenance because all coatings scratch with wear and lose their high shine. Special buffing pads on a standard floor polisher that contain very fine diamonds can be used to maintain cleanliness and the high gloss levels of true polished concrete. Janitors can be provided with these and keep the floors in great condition without special treatment.

Some hire companies provide the grinding equipment for do-it-yourself concrete polishing and have all the pads for the purpose. This may not be so economical though because the pads may be only half worn when you finish depending on the area involved.

Ron Black has worked in the polished concrete industry with experience in both grinding and machines. He is part of Situp Products’ team and has written many pages of information for the concrete grinding website [http://www.situp.com.au]

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Modern Travel Tips For An Old Fashioned Vacation

Whether you need cheaper transportation or better places to stay so that you can better enjoy your trip, the tips below will make your trip more enjoyable and don’t forget the check out the packages that jasper ski resort are offering.

Create a list for your trip!

Be aware that in a foreign cities many criminals will pose as policemen. Do not let anyone have your actual passport. Do not get in a vehicle with someone you don’t know.

When you plan a trip, choose the digital camera that will meet your needs. For example, if you plan to backpack, you probably don’t want a camera that has a rechargeable battery. You want a camera you can turn off and on quickly and that will focus almost immediately.

Always remember to tip housekeepers and housekeeper appropriately.

Keep travel essentials in one spot. Avoid wasted time looking through your home for travel necessities together. Buy a inexpensive plastic bin that will let you store all your travel needs in one location.A container is great for your next trip.

Bring a business card from your hotel while you explore your destination city. This is great as well for those that do not know the language well.

The price per unit for these small products is disproportionate compared to the amount of space that you save. Try simple folding your luggage space instead. These minimizing tricks will allow you to pack more in your bag.

Melt a bucket of ice to have filtered water for morning coffee. The ice often tastes much better than hotel tap water, so try filling an ice bucket and letting it melt overnight. You can brew your coffee in the morning.

It is typically more expensive to book this parking the lot and park.

Sign up for online newsletters offered by most major airlines. The savings you will enjoy will more than make the extra email worth it.

You should buy a National Parks Pass if you visit them often. They only $50 and can be used for use that year at all of the parks.

Rental car agents are well versed on how to best sell you to buy additional insurance that you may not need what they are selling. Vehicle insurance policies often have basic third party coverage.

Booking your travel online is a great way to get everything done at once. Travel sites aid in planning out your travel itineraries with minimal effort. You can line up hotels, from rental cars to flights to hotel rooms, and flights using your computer! You can even find photos and reviews of potential lodgings.

Make sure you bring a small pillow and blankets when traveling. Whether you are traveling by car, train, car or bus, a pillow and blanket can provide you with an additional measure of comfort. Airlines may provide them, but often run out. Bringing your own pillow lets you peace of mind.

Be up front when buying travel insurance.Tell the provider when you are sick. You can stuck with the bill to pay on your own.

If you’re going somewhere exotic or remote, think about getting an insurance plan that might cover your emergency search and rescue. This kind of insurance could be a real lifesaver.

A great travel tip is have luggage stand out from other luggage. You can decorate it with stickers on your luggage or even color it. This will help you can be sure to spot your bags if someone takes it by mistake.

Long flights can certainly be taxing.You can avoid this by taking a flight that gets to your destination at the same time of morning you usually get up. ) and rest until your flight lands. Wake up refreshed and ready for the day!

This will help in case one person’s luggage is lost. If a person’s luggage gets lost, many of the items will still be located in other bags. Another great idea to help offset any lost luggage experiences is to always have everyone bring one change of clothing in their carry-on.

You can travel via bus to save on baggage fees.While you may have to pay a little something for your baggage, it is much cheaper than at an airport. You can also bring large items without paying a large fee.

Do not panic if your bags have not there when you get to your destination. Find out from airport staff where to report your lost luggage, present the officials there with your baggage claim tickets and complete any necessary paperwork. Most often, your baggage will be found and given back to you in short order.

Female travels may find advantages in wearing a shawl rather than a coat. This will help keep you warm your feet and can be easy to carry. It can also serve as a means to cover up any valuables you have.

When you are planning a vacation, you should pack light, and plan where you want to go and what you want to do. Efficiency ensures a great trip that is both fun and enjoyable.

Make sure your dog is easily accustomed to new places if you are traveling with him. They should be leashed as well as capable of travel where people are present.

Bring some snacks with you are going on a flight. Your flight will be miserable if you are hungry.Just avoid packing liquid snacks to a prevent any issues with security. You will arrive at your destination in a happier mood if you have some dry snacks with you.

It can be quite exciting to travel, and you get to experience new places. You may know how to plan trips, but you may always better those plans. Regardless of your particular perspective, this article should have given you some new insights on optimizing your travels.

Five Holidays That Break the Mould

An increasing number of people are ditching the usual package holiday in favour of more unusual destinations. Many are willing to travel further afield to avoid the crowds and experience a different culture or stunning scenery. I am a huge fan of this approach and it has led to some of my most exciting and memorable trips. If you are considering going somewhere a little more unusual but you’re not sure where to start, here are my top five suggestions. Some of these are quite touristy but they are a far cry from the Spanish Costas and make a great starting point for adventurous travelers. There are so many resorts in the world but so little time to choose from. Squeeze many Canada snow holidays into one by experiencing several resorts in a single trip.

1. Abel Tasman. If you are looking for a beach destination with a difference, there is no better place than the Abel Tasman National Park in South Island, New Zealand. I can only describe this as the most beautiful place in the world. It is an unspoiled area with native flora and fauna, stunning white beaches and secluded coves. The water is calm and clear and the area is full of wildlife from orcas to seals to unusual birds. Even in the height of the tourist season, you could find a deserted beach, swim in the sea and enjoy a picnic. The pace of life is relaxed but there is plenty to do if you want to.

Of course, if you are visiting the Abel Tasman, it should form part of a trip to travel around New Zealand. If you live in the Northern Hemisphere, traveling to New Zealand is a big deal. It will take you a minimum of 24 hours to get there from the UK. I would recommend that two weeks is the absolute minimum amount of time you should stay, but to really make the most of the country you will need at least two months. I have spent a total of eight weeks there and there are still areas I haven’t made it to that I want to visit and of course, places like the Abel Tasman that it is my life’s ambition to visit again.

2. Whistler. As a winter holiday destination, Whistler in Canada is widely accepted as one of the best. Its popularity has increased further since hosting the alpine and Nordic events in the 2010 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games. If you enjoy skiing or snowboarding or would like to give it a go, a trip to Whistler should certainly be on your list of things to do.

However if you are looking for an unusual summer destination, Whistler mustn’t be overlooked. Outdoor activities are available in abundance from summer skiing to bear watching, from mountain biking to relaxing spa days. For keen golfers, there are four championship courses in one resort. I don’t play golf but the idea of a stroll (ruined or otherwise) in the fresh mountain air, taking in the stunning scenery sounds fantastic. Water sports are also available, from white water rafting to relaxing canoeing on the calm lakes. The amazing mountain lakes also boast inland beaches where you can enjoy a picnic in the sunshine and the calm, inviting water is perfect for a dip.

3. Cape Town. In recent years, the popularity of South Africa as a holiday destination has increased. Certain areas are still somewhat unsafe and are best avoided. However, Cape Town, along with nearby Somerset West, Stellenbosch and the Cape Wine Route are all fantastic holiday destinations and as long as you are careful, they are reasonably safe. Cape Town’s most famous landmark is the unique and imposing Table Mountain. There are numerous walking and climbing routes up the mountain, but if that’s not for you, the Cableway will take you up there in just three minutes.

To learn a bit about Cape Town’s history, you could take a to Robben Island where Nelson Mandella spent 18 of his 27 years of incarceration. You will be shown around the Island by a former political prisoner, who will give you an insight into what life was like for those imprisoned here. The whole island is now a World Heritage Site. A trip to Cape Town wouldn’t be complete without paying a visit to the world famous Boulders Beach. Travel around the beautiful False Bay to just outside Simon’s Town and you will find yourself in the unusual situation of sharing a beautiful sandy beach with several hundred penguins.

4. Phuket. The popularity of Thailand as a tourist destination is increasing. Many people looking to escape the normal European holidays are looking further afield to beach destinations such as Phuket. In and around the area, there are plenty of activities on offer. You could take a bamboo rafting and elephant trekking tour in Khao Lak nature reserve, where you will visit a turtle-breeding farm, see water buffalo and tropical birds on the river and then ride through mountain paths on the back of an elephant. If you prefer to be on the coast, you could go island hopping by private speedboat, or try big-game fishing, scuba diving, snorkeling or sea kayaking.

Of course you also have the usual beach or resort holiday options of relaxing by the coast or the pool. If you are looking to experience the Thai culture away from a tourist resort, it is worth factoring in a few days in Bangkok into your holiday. Many airlines will fly you to Bangkok, where you transfer to your flight to Phuket. Bangkok is busy, bustling and exciting. It is also very hot and humid and would be hard work with young children so do take the time to research the city and decide whether a visit is right for you.

5. Venezuela. This is the least touristy and most unusual of the destinations that I would recommend for a holiday. If you are interested in experiencing unspoiled South America, Venezuela is definitely the place to go. Just off the mainland is Margarita Island. This is a typical Caribbean Island with sun, sea, sand and a great party atmosphere. Back on the mainland, the capital, Caracas is worth a visit and is the ideal place to link up with a tour of the country with a local guide. I can’t recommend the local guides highly enough. I traveled with a group of nine people and our guide even took us to his home town where we partied all night with his friends and enjoyed an afternoon barbeque with his family.

You can visit the famous and spectacular Angel Falls by boat or helicopter. Either way, it is a breath-taking sight. It is also worth visiting the more remote areas to the south of Venezuela on the border with Brazil such as Santa Elena de UairĂ©n and the Canaima National Park. For a really authentic experience, take a trip down the Orinoco Delta. You can take a boat along the Delta and, hours from the nearest town, you will start to see the native tribes living at the water’s edge. Certain tribes welcome visitors and will even let you stay with them, sleeping in a hammock in the jungle. There is nothing more magical than waking up at dawn to the sound of howler monkeys calling nearby trees.

The Holiday Bid Game offer customers the chance to win holidays and holiday related items in lowest unique bid online auctions [http://www.theholidaybidgame.com/]. They also provide holiday news and destination tips as well as information on how to win a holiday.

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Fail-Safe Advice For An Awesome Trip

Traveling can be such a rewarding experience. If you are heading overseas or just keeping to your own country, you should build your knowledge about traveling first. The following advice will smooth the way toward terrific travel adventures.

If you have children traveling with you, make sure you have a current, color photo of them with you, in the event they become lost. Being away from home and losing a child is a very scary prospect. The fact remains, however, that it is not unheard of. When you have a photo of the child with you, it can make a big difference in finding them fast if they become lost. Canada snow holidays is not memorable if you have tried skiing.

Pick the proper camera for your trip. If you are going backpacking, you shouldn’t have one with a rechargeable battery. This will save you a lot of time and hassle on your trip.

Use caution when getting into a taxi in a foreign country. Prior to getting into a taxi, be sure it is legit. Anyone can pose as a taxi service, and you don’t know what someone might do or where you might be taken.

Make sure that you have clothespins with you on your next vacation. Clothespins can be useful when you are traveling.

When looking for the best prices for a flight, look at each airline’s official website offering flights into your final destination. You can find cheap air fare at Travelocity and Kayak; however, you may find better prices directly from the airline.

Tip the bell boy and housekeeper when staying in a nice place. A good rule of thumb is $1 per bag/luggage and about $2-5 a day for housekeeping. Tipping the staff will make sure that you receive good service while you are visiting.

Make sure that you have personally identifying information inside your personal luggage in extra addition to outside tags. Exterior ones may be lost or damaged during travel. Should it be that your bags go missing and no tag is attached, airline employees will look for identification you have placed inside so that they can get your bags to you.

Use melted hotel ice to brew your morning coffee. Rather than using plain tap water for your coffee, fill an ice bucket to melt overnight. When you get up the next day, you will have great-tasting water for your brew.

Prebook your parking at the airport if you plan to leave your car there. It will be more expensive to book a space on your departure day. Consider a taxi if you live near the airport.

Don’t go to sleep before 8pm local time if you are adjusting to a different time zone. If you feel tired because of the change in time zone you can make it worse by going to bed too early. The faster you adjust to the local time, the faster you will get over jet lag.

Pack extra passport photos when traveling. Getting a replacement passport can take awhile if you lose it or it gets stolen. You can make the process go more quickly by having an extra passport photo available. It would also be a good idea to have copies of all of your relevant paperwork.

It is very important that you remember to bring along your vital medications. This is something that can be easily overlooked. Don’t make that mistake, otherwise you might find yourself without the much needed medication because the country you go to may not accept your insurance.

A great travel tip is to make your luggage stand out from other luggage. Decorate it in a funky and colorful manner, or do something else that draws attention to it. This way you can be sure to spot your bags if someone takes it by mistake.

When planning an overseas vacation, a good money-saving tip is to invite friends to go along. You may get discounts for having larger groups. You can save money when you have a group rate. Discuss the idea with your friends and see if any of them want to join you.

Traveling across time lines can be difficult when jet lag occurs. Plan a flight that lands when you usually wake up. When you get on the plane, take a sleep aid after dinner. ) and sit back and relax. Then, you’ll be refreshed when you awake.

To save money, consider taking a bus. A bus offers more baggage allowances than airplanes. So, if you need to carry along a lot of belongings then think about the bus as an option.

When traveling with a pet, do your homework before leaving home regarding hotel’s pet policies and any extra costs that may apply. Look into many places before choosing one, so you end up at one that your pet will love.

Plan ahead and exchange some of your currency before you leave on our trip. Changing your money in foreign countries can be difficult, especially if it is outside of normal business hours. Generally, larger banks have access to all foreign currency and will be happy to exchange with you while you are still in your country. By doing this, you will be able to start buying things and having fun the moment you land.

With these, you can link your hotel TV and computer together. This means that instead of paying for expensive hotel movies, you can enjoy Netflix and other streaming video services just like you would at home.

Even if the hotel you wanted to stay at is booked solid, you might be able to score an out-of-service room. These out of service rooms are rooms that require minor maintenance such as repainting the walls or cleaning a stain on the carpet.

Rotate drivers often on long car trips. Driving until you are exhausted will make the next driver lonely because you may fall asleep. Try not to drive to the point of exhaustion. It will keep you and your passengers safe. Driving about two or three hours is a good plan. This will stop you from becoming so tired while you are behind the wheel.

These tips can make traveling much easier. Don’t forget your camera!

Cheap Ski Holidays and Skiing Deals

Canada is a hot destination for skiers this winter. The forecast from environment Canada calls for an average or above average temperature range and lots of precipitation. The last several years, particularly in Eastern Canada, warm temperatures and little snow fall had a disastrous effect on ski businesses. Some were on the brink of bankruptcy and have been saved by the early winter conditions of 2007/2008. Lot of ski Canada deals to choose from, most in my bucket list can be found at Bluepowder.com.au.

Residents of Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa, and in major US cities didn’t see much snow last year so skiing and outdoor winter sports including snowmobiling have not been on people’s minds. The effect on tourism and hotel accommodation has been dramatic. This year, people are being encouraged to get outdoors as a healthy lifestyle choice. If that isn’t convincing enough, Muskoka hotels, Vancouver hotels, Banff hotels, and Whistler Hotels are offering discounted prices for ski vacations. Hotel ski deals are a great way to experience a complete, relaxing getaway while having all the luxury amenities too.

With Banff and Whistler hotel room rates dropping, it is the perfect time to book a ski vacation getaway in the mountains of Western Canada. Here you can enjoy some of the best snow conditions in North American with incredibly long ski runs.

Skiers can book a Vancouver hotel room and ski at Grouse Mountain. You don’t necessarily have to stay in Whistler to enjoy a ski vacation. A room in Vancouver offers lower rates and better access to activities in Vancouver including shops, restaurants and entertainment venues. Grouse mountain is only a few miles from downtown Vancouver. It offers 26 runs and skiers can take the Olympic Express high-speed quad chair lift which can transport 2,000 skiers every hour. This is a major ski destination for Vancouverites.

Whistler BC is a spectacular location and the coming Winter Olympic games will make the sea to sky highway very busy. Rooms in Whistler may all be booked now, so if you want to experience Whistler lifestyle and visit the now completed Olympic venues, why not make a vacation getaway in Whistler Blackcomb? Whistler Mountain offers an incredible and even exhausting ski hill with more than 8100 acres of skiable terrain and a 5,000 foot vertical drop. Whistler BC is one of North America’s top ski destinations and there are plenty of Whistler hotels to book your ski getaway. Look for last minute room packages offered to email newsletter subscribers.

For residents of Alberta and the eastern Rocky Mountains, Banff and Kananaskis are the ski destinations of choice. Three major ski areas provide hundreds of ski runs and thousands of skiable terrain, including cross county ski trails. Sunshine Mountain, Ski Lake Louise, Mount Norquay, and Nakiska in Kananaskis provide incredible skiing and plenty of sunshine. Skiers can stay at either Kananaskis village hotel resort or at the major Banff hotels. The ski hills are not far off and shuttle bus services are available. Skiing is big business in Banff and the ski hills here are world class. The experience of taking North America’s longest gondola ride to the Sunshine mountain ski resort is a pleasure in itself. The gondola caresses the mountain side to the base of the ski hill at an elevation of 7200 feet. From there, skiers of every skill level will find some incredible skiing experiences. Highly skilled skiers can ride the lifts to the top of Sunshine Mountain at 8954 feet. Here you’re skiing amidst the clouds for a mystical, otherworldly experience. The 33 feet of annual snow shouldn’t frighten you as the trail grooming is exceptional. 20% of the trails are beginner grade and further. The ski out trail to the parking lot is a lot of fun for those with endurance. It goes all the way to the parking lot near the TransCanada highway.

Nakiska ski hill is the featured ski hill at the former Olympic ski venue for the Calgary Olympics. The drive from Calgary is less than an hour and you’ll find thousands of Calgarians skiing here every weekend. The Kananaskis Resort has several hotels and lodgings, but the centerpiece of the village is the Delta Kananaskis, the ultimate in luxury hotel accommodation in the mountains.

Come to Canada this winter and take advantage of great ski hotel packages. You can stay in the major Canadian cities or book your hotel room in Whistler, Banff or Kananaskis villages. Any way you choose, this is a winter of hotel bargains.

Gord Collins is a frequent traveller to the Western Canada region and enjoys skiing and the outdoors. He recommends Whistler hotels and Banff Hotels as the ultimate in ski vacation accommodation. Come to Canada and enjoy spectacular mountain skiing and an unbeatable outdoor experience for the whole family.

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Skiing and Snowboarding in Vancouver, BC

British Columbia, Canada’s most westerly province, is full of magnificent towering mountains, and in the winter, they’re coated in snow! Hand-in-hand with the snow comes skiing and snowboarding resorts dotted throughout the province. It’s no wonder British Columbia hosted the Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. Huge verticals, epic snowfalls, expansive backcountry, diverse terrain, spectacular scenery and a mild winter climate provide the perfect combination for big mountain skiing and family-friendly resorts too. Ski in Canada is another way to spend your vacation, you might interested to check out some deals in Bluepowder.com.au.


British Columbia currently has 13 major ski resorts which offer skiing and snowboarding on everything from wide-open terrain and tree lines to black-diamond steeps and chutes. Most of these resorts offer ski-in, ski-out accommodations, rentals and lessons.

Vancouver, Coast & Mountains – this region offers some great and the most accessible skiing in British Columbia, as all are a quick drive from the city of Vancouver. There are three ski mountains within the greater Vancouver area where one can enjoy stunning ocean and city views of Vancouver. They are: Cypress Mountain, Grouse Mountain and Mount Seymour. Cypress Mountain hosted many 2010 Winter Games events.

Whistler, a two-hour drive north of Vancouver is an award-winning resort town and was the 2010 Winter Games’ official host mountain resort. It has been named best ski destination in North America by US-based Skiing Magazine for an unprecedented 13 consecutive years, with the best apres-ski scene on the continent. The two mountains of Whistler Blackcomb hold the record of offering the most skiable terrain than any other destination in North America. There are over 200 runs, three glaciers, and many terrain parks. Whistler is also home to a record breaking gondola – the PEAK 2 PEAK Gondola, which links Whistler and Blackcomb mountains, transporting skiers on a quick and scenic 11-minute, 4.4 km/2.7 mile ride.

For a smaller size skiing experience, east of Vancouver are Hemlock Valley (near Harrison Hot Springs) and Manning Park Ski Resort. Both are less popular and have pristine surroundings with the benefit of uncrowded slopes.


Vancouver Island – the island’s location between the Pacific Ocean and the Strait of Georgia makes for the perfect combination of creating heaps of a deep and all-natural snow base which is perfect for skiing and snowboarding. The average snowfall is in the range of 10.5m/35ft.

Mount Washington Alpine Resort is located within the Comox Valley and is the biggest ski area on the island. It has been voted to be in the top twelve for Best Powder, by Ski Canada Magazine. Mount Washington’s chairlift glides to a mile above sea level, offering visitors an incredible 360-degree panoramic view of the Strait of Georgia and the Sunshine Coast from Powell River to Sechelt, with the peaks of the Coast Mountains behind them. Closer at hand, the many peaks adorning Strathcona Park’s Forbidden Plateau region look just as spectacular.

Mount Cain Alpine Park is situated two hours northwest of Campbell River. Heaps of untouched powder builds up during the week, as this winter park is only open on weekends and Mondays. It is operated by the non-profit Mt. Cain Alpine Park Society and is Vancouver Island’s only community owned and operated snow activity facility with tons of enjoyable and challenging runs. As the mountain is located in the interior of the island, it is known for drier snow than other Coastal mountains and fabulous spring skiing conditions.

Kootenay Rockies – over half of BC’s big ski resorts are situated in the Kootenay Rockies area. Also known as the “Powder Highway”, there are four amazing mountain ranges within this region: the Monashees, Purcells, Selkirks, and Rockies and up to 12-18m/40-60ft of light, dry powder falls each year. When visitng the Kootenay Rockies you can expect shorter lift lines (than the Coastal Mountains), open and less busy slopes and a friendly atmosphere. Since there are so many resorts all within a short proximity of the “Powder Highway” skiers can easily sample a diverse variety of slopes in one trip. The resorts include:

  • Revelstoke Mountain Resort – BC’s newest ski resort
  • Kicking Horse Mountain Resort, in Golden
  • Panorama Mountain Village, near Invermere
  • Kimberley Alpine Resort
  • Fernie Alpine Resort
  • Red Mountain Resort, Rossland
  • Whitewater Ski Resort, Nelson

Thompson Okanagan -This region is known for champagne powder snow and for being very family-friendly with terrain to satisfy every skiing level of ability. In a single season, up to 7m/23ft may fall on the slopes. Voted on Ski Canada magazine, the Thompson Okanagan resorts have been recognized for having great ski-in/ski-out accommodations. The resorts include:

  • Sun Peaks Resort, near Kamloops
  • Big White Ski Resort, near Kelowna
  • Silver Star Mountain Resort, close to Vernon
  • Apex Mountain Resort, west of Penticton

Northern British Columbia – Big powder dumps, breathtaking landscapes, exhilarating tree-skiing and steeps and fresh tracks are just a few things one can expect when venturing up to the north. Oh yes, and no queues and charming small-town friendliness too! And not to mention, the season is nice and long too – November openings with April closures. There are three main ski resorts: Hudson Bay Mountain Resort (24km/14mi west of Smithers), Powder King Mountain Resort at Pine Pass (67km/42mi northeast of Mackenzie), and Shames Mountain (35km/22mi west of Terrace).

Cariboo Chicotin Coast – ah, sunny skies, no crowds and a peaceful, laid-back vibe on local hills – what more can anyone ask for? This region has some amazing skiing terrain. There are two skiing areas to explore: Mount Timothy Ski Area (100 Mile House) and Troll Ski Resort (Wells). Both ski hills draw a local crowd and are out of the mainstream. Expect dry, light powder and a welcoming atmosphere.

Clay is a writer for Sun Peaks Resort, a bc winter resort north of Kamloops, BC. Sun Peaks Resort offers ski vacation packages for all types of winter vacations: active, relaxing and even romantic!

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The Ultimate Ski Bucket List

For downhill skiers, “powder snow” provides the ultimate skiing experience. For most skiers however, good powder skiing is a short-lived and infrequent event. Ski areas in some geographic areas enjoy fairly frequent “powder days” but in most areas, powder days are rare and the dryness and depth of snow is often marginal.

In most ski areas too, when powder snow does occur, it is only a matter of hours before it is completely “tracked out”, lumped up and beaten down. Only those few early birds that ride the first chairs in the morning get the ultimate run of the day, in deep, consistent, smooth, untracked snow.

For years, diehard powder snow enthusiasts have headed for the backcountry to “ski the powder” among remote alpine peaks, far from crowded ski areas. Many enjoy the peace and quiet of ski touring and move and ski at a pace governed by their own physical fitness.

Others who may be less ambitious or have less time, but who have ample disposable funds, have headed for the backcountry in helicopters. For about $1000 per day or more, heli-operators offer small groups of proficient skiers 5 to 7 days of guided skiing on huge pristine slopes, high in the mountains. Guests stay in comfortable lodges and spend their days being shuttled back and forth with their guides, with each run on a fresh untracked slope. Heli skiing has its problems. There are “down days” when storms make flying impossible and there is always the inherent risk of all backcountry skiing: avalanche.

Avalanche risk depends on many factors. All reputable backcountry operators provide highly qualified guides who choose areas for skiing and a safe route down the hill. On days of poor weather or unstable snow, guides may avoid alpine areas and restrict their groups to “skiing the trees”. Tree skiing is a fixture of all mechanized backcountry skiing and is preferred by some skiers to the more open “alpine” skiing.

In recent years, a new type of mechanized backcountry ski operator has emerged. Snowcat skiing operators use snowcats to transport skiers and snowboarders into backcountry regions. Snowcats are fitted with a large cab that seats clients in a warm, comfortable environment. A snowcat typically carries a group of 12 clients, two guides and a driver.

Of course, snowcats are much slower than helicopters. They are also much less expensive and guests can expect to pay between $500 and $600 a day, including transportation, lodging, meals, and guiding. As slow as snowcats may be, most clients will wear themselves out every day and get just as much skiing as their group can handle.

The great advantage of cat skiing is that “down” days almost never occur. Clients ski every day and bad weather can often mean extra-good snow. Cat skiing is more relaxed and “laid back” than heli skiing as there is no need to share equipment between groups or to maximize equipment usage. Cat skiing is very “client-friendly”. Each group has a dedicated machine and it moves at the group’s pleasure. Weaker skiers can feel at ease and not “pushed”.

Snowcats provide a relatively quiet, comfortable, warm and relaxed environment in which the trip back up the hill can be almost as much fun as the run down. Guests can “unbutton”, dry out, warm up, converse and browse on sandwiches, cookies, cake and drinks. If a guest gets tired, it’s easy to “sit out” a run and ride down to the next pickup with the cat driver.

Snowcat skiing is more restricted geographically than heli skiing. However, that has a drawback. Since they can operate in a larger area, heli-operators may sometimes be less familiar with changing snow conditions and risk factors than snowcat operators who work in a more restricted area.


Most snowcat operators have ample terrain to consistently provide good snow, even in periods of drought, and to ensure that clients exhaust themselves every day. Chatter Creek Mountain Lodges Ltd. operates in a 95 sq. km area and ski between the elevations of 5400ft and 9500 ft. Monashee Powder Adventures advertises an area of 66 sq. km and operate between the elevations of 7800 ft and 3,000 ft.. Baldface Lodge uses over 140 sq km. Guests need not worry about running out of terrain!

Snowcat skiing provides a wonderful holiday for intermediate and advanced skiers alike. Individuals, family groups, groups of friends, business associates can have a “trip to remember”. Operators with remote lodges offer a real “backcountry” experience, usually with good food and very comfortable accommodations.

Lockie Brown is retired and lives near Vancouver, B.C., Canada. He has cat skied for about 10 years, taking groups of 12 and 24 friends to different cat ski venues in British Columbia. He now takes his groups to Chatter Creek Mountain Lodges near Golden, B.C.

For more information, please refer to the Chatter Creek Web site at http://backcountrywintervacations.com/

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Useful Info About Different Types Of Skis

Transport is essential, regardless of the weather conditions. Sometimes, man has to rise above his surroundings and devise innovative means of transport. This was especially true in places where snow is an almost permanent feature. Skiing originated in Scandinavia as a necessity and since then, has seen a lot of progress in style, technology and use.

The father of modern skiing is said to be Sondre Norheim. He came up with the idea of using bindings that help in turning when skiing downhill, and this was improved upon by Mathias Zdarsky, which led to what is now known as alpine skiing. Hannes Schneider came up with the idea of body rotation for steering. The Arlberg technique became popular as the popularity of the sport also increased.

There are numerous types of skiing events: Alpine skiing (or Downhill skiing), Backcountry skiing (off Piste skiing), Cross-country skiing (Nordic skiing), Extreme skiing, Heliskiing, Newschool skiing, Telemark skiing, Speed skiing, Ski jumping, Ski mountaineering, Ski touring, Snowboarding, Snow kiting, Freestyle skiing and Cat skiing.

With this came a variety of techniques to enable a correct manner of skiing, and these helped in getting the best out of the sport. It became necessary to have the right clothing and equipment for all-around safety.

Skiing has proved to be a sport where even physically challenged people are able to join in, thanks to technological advances. The use of outriggers, ski tip retention devices, sit skis, single and double color guides and inter-skier communication takes care of most needs of these people.


Ski slopes are color coded to define difficulty levels with green indicating beginners’ slopes and black for the experts. Snow conditions that are favored by all are the packed powder, granular snow, corn snow, and the most challenging of all, crusts.

There are many types of resorts for the uninitiated as well as the experts and competitions are held for every level. Facilities provide the equipment, ensuring medical supervision and well laid out, well marked tracks.

Learn from the experts, get your kit and you’ll experience the thrill of speed few activities can compare with!

Skiing [http://www.WetPluto.com/History-Of-Skiing.html] provides detailed information on Skiing, Water Skiing, Cross Country Skiing, Jet Skiing and more. Skiing is affiliated with Colorado Ski Resorts [http://www.i-SkiResorts.com].

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La Jolla Jet Skiing Adventure from Mission Bay San Diego

One benefit of living in San Diego is living right next to the ocean. However, many residents do not take advantage of living so close to the coast by, for example, taking a walk on the beach or going for a swim in the ocean. One could even take a tour along the bay as a way to enjoy living so close to the beach. What people often neglect to remember is the opportunity to explore San Diego on an exhilarating jet ski tour. Whether you just moved here, have lived here your whole life, or are simply visiting, a knowledgeable tour guide can show you great places you have never seen before.

There are many beautiful and exciting attractions to see while riding a jet ski in the San Diego Bay. The Coronado Island, sea lions and the USS Midway are just a few attractions you could see while dashing around the bay with your tour guide. The only way to get to Coronado Island by traveling on land is by using the Coronado Bridge. Although the Coronado Bridge is a sight to see, there are plenty of other places to see in the area. However, the easiest way to travel between Coronado Island and the San Diego coast is by using a jet ski or a boat. Considering the fact that the USS Midway is on the San Diego coast and sea lions can be found on the coast as well, it seems easier to take a tour on a watercraft to see a lot of San Diego’s great attractions. You may definitely want to consider a jet ski though because it would allow you to see sea lions closer than a boat would allow due to the smaller and, therefore, less intimidating size than a big boat.

A jet ski tour can accommodate one or more people. Therefore, you do not necessarily need to have a group to take a tour here in the San Diego area, although it might make it a lot more fun. If you have a large group, some tour companies will be willing to give discounts based on the size of your large group, but you will have to call for that special pricing. From firsthand experience, I can say that riding a jet ski is a lot of fun, though I did not get to drive because I had no experience beforehand. However, prior experience with jet skis is usually not necessary if you are going to take a tour on a jet ski or even a little boat. Usually before riding a an unfamiliar vehicle, the tour guide or someone else that is qualified will give you a quick orientation to the controls of the watercraft. It may seem scary at first but jet skis can be a lot of fun.

Skiing San Diego

Another benefit about living in San Diego is that the weather is perfect almost all year round. The San Diego weather makes almost any day perfect for taking a jet ski tour in the bay. Taking a ride on a watercraft allows you to see a lot of the great sights on the San Diego coast, while also enjoying the sun and ocean. A ride around the coast gives you a great experience to share on social media, but it also gives you a great life experience overall. In addition, taking a tour in the bay is a great way to spend a Saturday or Sunday with your family or friends. Although San Diego jet ski tours can be expensive, the fun and thrilling experience you get from a jet ski tour is worth it. While you are in the area, you may also want to visit many of the great attractions on land, such as Sea World and the Balboa Park. Have fun!

If you are looking for adventure in San Diego, you should check out San Diego Bay Adventures. They offer jet ski rentals and tours, and even nighttime and daytime paddle boarding activities.

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