Guide to Redesigning Your Kitchen

Good kitchen design starts early, even as early as locating the room within the house. If you’re lucky enough to be able to choose which direction your kitchen will face, consider orienting it toward the east or southeast, where morning sun will fill it with light. Unfortunately, in rehab, choosing the southeast orientation is not always possible, although we think it’s worth working hard to achieve. is a leading interior designer in handcrafted custom-made & luxury kitchens Sydney, bedrooms and bathrooms across the globe.

If this simply can’t be done, orienting the kitchen to the south or southwest is a good choice. If you go this route, provide some means of shading the room from the hot summer sun, such as deciduous trees or shrubs, awnings or overhangs above windows or even with good window blinds.

Once you get the kitchen oriented, there are some basic design principles that will help you with the layout.


A house is not an island; it requires frequent contact with the outside world, much of which is accomplished by car. An attached garage closely adjoining the kitchen or a back door opening on the driveway can reduce the burden of carrying groceries in and the trash out.

A mud room can reduce kitchen traffic by acting as a staging area for trips into and out of the house. It offers a buffer from cold air, storage space for coats, hats and boots and even pantry shelves for items you won’t be using immediately. Taking all this activity out of the kitchen provides more room for cooking and eating, which are, after all, a kitchen’s main events.

The Work Triangle

For most of the 20th century, kitchens were organized around what’s known as the work triangle — the geometry determined by sink, range and refrigerator. Since most kitchen work is a dance among the three appliances, a good design will make the distances between them comfortable. If they’re too short, the work area will be cramped; if too far, the cook will become worn out trotting between them. The rule of thumb is that the three legs of the triangle should add up to between 12 and 26 feet.

There are three basic layouts for the work triangle: u-shaped, l-shaped and galley. In the u-shaped kitchen, there’s a triangular path from the sink on one wall to the range on another, to the refrigerator on a third. In an l-shaped kitchen, one element of the work triangle is against one wall with the other two along another. In very tight circumstances, all three points are arranged along the same wall, like the cooking facilities on-board ship, thus the name galley kitchen.

Ideally no traffic should pass through the work triangle. Nothing is more irritating than having people crash into you when you’re trying to cook. If there’s going to be an island or table in the room, place it where it will neither obstruct the work triangle nor be too far to be a useful work station itself.

Keep in mind that people not directly involved in cooking often need access to the kitchen, particularly the refrigerator. Of the three components of the work triangle, the refrigerator should be located at the triangle’s outer corner for easy access. The sink should be accessible as well, but the cooking surface ought to be as protected as possible, and therefore at the most remote point of the work triangle.

Necessary Gadgets

To function well, the sink, cook top and refrigerator each need to be surrounded with a certain amount of floor and counter space. The refrigerator door needs a clear swing and, if possible, enough room for two people to reach in simultaneously. The doors of any cabinets around the fridge should not conflict with its door. And the refrigerator also needs an 18-inch run of counter as a staging area for foods going into or coming out of it.

By custom, the sink is placed beneath a window, both to provide daylight for chores done there and to give one a view outdoors. I suppose the custom derives from the days before dishwashers, when the task of washing up was a tedious affair done by hand. Yet working at a sink with a window is still much more pleasant than working at a sink without one. Designers often place the sink first and lay out the rest of the work triangle from there.

Minimum counter lengths are considered to be 36 inches on one side of the sink and 24 on the other, which gives you a staging area for dirty dishes on one side and a drying area on the other. It seems logical to locate the greatest expanse of counter on the side of the sink closest to the cook top, since that is where most foods prepared at the sink are destined.

The optimum location for the cook top is along an exterior wall, rather than on an island or peninsula. With a stove on an outside wall, it’s easy to install an effective hood and ventilation system, essential to expel grease, smoke and combustion gases. The stove or cook top needs a 21- to 30-inch overhead clearance so cooks can readily see and access rear burners and the ventilation system can do its work efficiently.

If you plan to install a dishwasher, place it close to the sink. Where you choose to put it might depend on whether you’re right- or left-handed and on the path dishes are likely to take when cleared from the table. Also consider the choreography of two people loading and unloading the machine.

Storage Areas

Glassware and dishes should be stored in cabinets or shelves near the sink. Frequently used pots and pans could be stowed between the sink and cook top or from a hanging rack.

Consider locating your silverware drawers close to the drying rack or dishwasher but out of the primary work triangle so that someone can set the table without interrupting the cook.

Professional cooks, who spend a great deal of time in their kitchens, prefer to have their utensils within easy reach. (Julia Child stows her knives on pegs above her sink.)

Shelves or cabinets above the cook top can hold foods that aren’t affected by warmth, such as pasta, rice, and cereal. A shelf just below these cabinets but above the cook top can transform the space into a cooking workshop, providing a handy resting place for timers, spices, cooking supplies and implements.

A large volume of kitchen goods can be stowed in a pantry, an efficient, relatively inexpensive means of storage. Since a pantry is essentially a closet lined with shelves, it’s easy on the budget. Also plan to reserve part of the pantry as a utility closet, where mops, brooms and cleaning supplies can be easily stored.

Eating In

Islands can serve as tables for informal meals. If it’s the height of conventional counters—36 inches—you’ll need stools and an ample overhang of about 12 inches to comfortably accommodate sitters’ knees.

If you’re thinking about placing a table in your kitchen, here are some basic parameters: A rectangular table with a seating capacity of four to six should measure 2½ feet by 5 to 5½ feet. You’ll need 2½ to 3 feet of clearance all around for chairs and adequate circulation. A round table takes up less space but can accommodate more people if need be. Remember that a small increase in radius makes for a big increase in the circumference of the table and therefore the floor space it will take up. Click here to inquire about your kitchen design.

New Car Paint Protection Tips And Warning

New car paint protection is essential in recovering your car paint to its past glory. It also safeguards it so you car has terrific appearance for several years ahead. Many car treatment items already existing out there today29 and all of them declare to provide security to your vehicle paint. The honest truth is that not all of these products are the exact same, the very same means not all automobiles are comparable. While every auto can essentially obtain you from point X to Y, there is still a substantial distinction in between car designs. The same puts on auto wax, paint protection and gloss. Every one of these products provide particular quantity of shine, yet that is as similar as they could obtain.

In this blog post, we educate you, whether you are a brand-new vehicle proprietor or a not-so-new one, on the crucial realities regarding paint protection products that are readily available in the market. This way, we believe you could make the right option when selecting the best protection for your loved car.

Are all car paint protection items the same?

Naturally they are not. There are many sorts of paint protection items and they have differing high quality and cost. However, when buying car paint protection Melbourne folks need to not make the error of basing their decision completely on the price of that security product. Rather, your decision on the kind of security you pick ought to be notified by what it is that you want to obtain. An item that offers defense versus UV rays, bird dropping road salt, acid rainfall and bug deposit all rolled into one is certainly much more expensive compared to a product that simply gives short-term luster.

Another point is that different items offer differing degrees of sparkle. If you want to get a product that provides you a much longer shine but calls for less upkeep, be prepared to pay a couple of added bucks for it. Bulk of protectants that are offered in the marketplace presently supply just restricted quantity of defense versus the components discussed over. Also, most of them do not give long-term shine and need reapplication. As a result, it is essential that you be careful of what you select for your auto.

Can car paint protection help keep your auto s value in addition to resale value?

The paint work and appearance of a car will assist in preserving not just its value however also resale worth. An automobile that is well kept with a mirror finish paint, has actually an increased resale worth. It likewise saves you money and time now. With an excellent paint protection, a bunch of time is minimized cleaning it considering that crud and gunk are conveniently gotten rid of. It won t need polishing to preserve its look.

Exactly what are a few of things you can get out of a good car paint protection?

Among the primary perks of car paint protection is that it includes genuine worth to the car. A correct paint protection application could give your automobile astounding glass sparkle in addition to keep its worth. For these factors, individuals are typically ready to component with $1000 merely to obtain good paint protection. When done appropriately, there will be much less waxing and the cleansing will be a lot easier in situation your auto obtain filthy and should be washed. This means much more financial savings in future.

Can your auto s paintwork be damaged by simply bird going down?

The response is yes. Chances that your car is acquiring harmed daily without you possibly seeing are extremely genuine. Lots of people just assume that the greatest hazard to their automobile s paintwork is UV rays. While this holds true, the damages comes after a number of years. Bird droppings are nonetheless much more instant danger. They cause harm in merely a matter of days.

Bird droppings, as you know, are the product of a bird s digestion device. Without going excessive into the field of biology, droppings could have high levels of acids which could ruin the paintwork.

Lots of people are shocked by the quantity of damage that could arise from a bird falling. While it can go unnoticed to an untrained eye, a specialist which understands what he desires in vehicle will quickly see it.

Is vehicle waxing the best option?

Car shaving is understood to provide instantaneous shine, it is not the best option. The factor it is called wax is because it is made from wax. And as you being aware, wax will certainly thaw when subjected to warmth. When waxed paint is used on your vehicle, it ends up being soft when subjected to heat. This loosens sparkle and also makes your car more vulnerable to entrapping contaminants. It is wonderful for program automobiles given that these do not rest in the sunlight for an entire day everyday.

By its extremely nature, wax seldom sticks to the car area. Wax can not attach well to any sort of area. Merely try sticking wax to any type of area and you will see this. In the same way, wax inevitably cleans off of your car, which will certainly leave your car with less or no security at all.

What are the various other points that you need to understand about car paint protection?

The have to properly look after your auto, that is, specifying and washing, can not be overemphasised. Selecting reliable auto wash outlets and detailers is not just important but additionally secures your automobile from harm. Simply put, address the paintwork of your automobile the same way you would certainly care for your skin. Anything that gained t harm your skin gained t damages your auto s paintwork.

One more vital thing is a top quality auto hair shampoo. This reduces area scratching that results from rubbing when the vehicle is being washed. You likewise require a soft stack wash mitt or sponge and it should be of high quality. If you want a streak-free drying out, you have no alternative yet to insist on a terry towel or a natural leather chamois to dry your auto.


As with anything else, you simply obtain what you have paid for with car paint protection. For that reason, it is very important to choose the right location to wash or information your automobile. This need to be assisted by the span of time it requires to cleanse your vehicle safely and appropriately. Learn more how to apply the car paint protection for your own car.

How to Paint Kitchen Cabinets

You can make a huge difference to the look of your kitchen with some simple renovations to the cabinets. By repainting doors and updating the handles, you’ll refresh the heart of your home without the need for a full redesign. With their minimalist cabinetry, neutral color palettes, and metallic accents, these modern kitchen designs Sydney have a subtle elegance that will never go out of style.

You’ll Need

  • Screwdriver Try: 11-in-1 screwdriver and nut driver ($14,
  • Steel tape measure Try: Stanley 25-foot measuring tape ($10,
  • Drop cloth, newspaper or old cloths Try: All-purpose canvas drop cloth ($20,
  • Respirator or dust mask Try: 3M paint odor valved respirator ($9 for two,
  • Safety goggles or glasses Try: Protective safety glasses ($7,
  • Fine- and medium-grade sandpaper Try: 3M assorted grit sandpaper ($6,
  • Power sander or sanding block Try: Heavy-duty sanding block ($5,
  • Soft cloth Try: Microfiber cleaning cloth ($15,
  • Paintbrush Try: Assorted paintbrushes ($8 for two,
  • Primer Try: Interior and exterior primer ($8.50,
  • Paint
  • New door handles, hinges and hardware, as desired

Getting Started

If you find it easier, use a screwdriver to remove your cabinet doors, drawer fronts, hinges and handles, and move them to your work space.

If you are replacing handles, take your old ones with you to the hardware store to ensure that you choose something with the same-size fittings. Remember to note how many you’ll need. Also, if any of the handles were held on by more than one screw, note the distance between the two screws, since you will need to find replacement handles with the same distance between them. Otherwise, be prepared to fill and drill new holes. It’s a good idea to buy one sample first to check the fit before investing in a full set.

What to Do

1. Lay down a drop cloth, newspaper or old cloths to protect your floor.

2. Put on your dust mask and protective goggles or glasses.

3. Using medium-grade sandpaper, sand down the front and edges of wooden, painted or varnished doors or drawer fronts with power sander or sanding block. No sanding or priming is needed for melamine doors, but you do need to use the right paint. Wipe off dust and give the doors a good clean.

4. Paint on a coat of primer, leave it to dry and apply another coat.

5. When dry, rub down surfaces with fine-grade sandpaper. Wipe off any dust.

6. Apply the first coat of paint and leave it to dry overnight. Repeat with another coat of paint for a more durable finish. Replace any old handles with new ones, if desired.

7. Replace doors and drawer fronts using a screwdriver to tighten the hinges.

How to Nail It

  • If you have a number of cabinet doors to remove, label them on the back so that you can easily find the right place for the right door when you have finished.
  • If your cabinet doors and drawer fronts do not completely cover the front of the cabinets, you can prepare and paint those surfaces in the same way. A good time to do this is while the cabinet doors are drying.
  • To save time, buy a combined undercoat and primer and eliminate one of the stages.
  • Before you start, wipe down all cabinet surfaces with a degreaser. No matter how clean your kitchen is, if even the slightest film of grease is on the cabinet, paint won’t adhere properly.
  • Clean all dust around the area (and even off your brush) with a vacuum before you paint. A few specks is all it takes to make your otherwise-smooth paint job look gritty.

Check out new kitchen design that we worked for so many years.

How an Artist Can Build a Sustainable Business Without a Record Company

Few would argue that back in the day, the record companies were the gatekeepers between the artists and their audience. Now it’s very easy and relatively inexpensive for an artist to record and produce a record independently, secure independent distribution channels or distribute their music electronically online. Concept artist is a key field of illustration that is relevant to a wide range of creative industries, including computer animation, games and film.

Before, even if you wanted your CD displayed in Record Stores, you had to have a record company. Sure, the company paid you a big advance. But then they would bill you for production, distribution, and marketing costs along with their sometimes questionable accounting methods. Then after all was said and done sometimes the CDs might not even be stocked in the stores.

But those days are gone, and here we are in 2010 and the Internet and its possibilities are ever expanding. Because of the internet, the distribution channel is closing. Today an independent artist can go direct to the fan to sell their CDs, DVD, T-shirts, and all other merchandise. This enables the Artist to continually market to that consumer, which is the opposite of traditional distribution lines, where the Artist never knew who purchased their music and could never follow up with them in the future.

Today with the right marketing system in place the artist can market directly to their buyers for the lifetime of that fan or the lifetime of that particular artist. So why is that few people have such a system in place. Even those that sell products directly from their website do not have systems set up for follow up and future marketing.

The concept of list building, auto-responders, giveaways, launch campaigns, squeeze pages, and content driven sales is a foreign language to most outside the Internet Marketing scene. But this is the model that has been around for a long time with other businesses, it is the standard for selling information products, and now we are just starting to see it emerge with Real Estate Agents, Writers, Photographers, and now with Musicians.

Providing there is talent and a good product, this is going to create a whole new model for launching a successful music career that is far from the traditions of the industry. Where the independent artist who embraces the internet with an open mind and determination will make a much better living than they could ever hope to make working for someone else, or by using an agent or distributing their music through traditional channels, and this includes iTunes.

So, what about continuing sources of income?

As with the release of any new product, CD sales peak around the release and then start to drop off. Then the artist does promotion and makes money on concerts and the selling of the merchandise at shows. But, what about expanding your business model to include a continual revenue stream, that is not based on CD sales or shows.

Welcome to the Members Area

Membership sites are becoming really popular for their continual income stream and can range from online fitness training, Yoga, instructional, and just about anything you could imagine.

Artists such as Kiss (the Kiss army) Green Day (Idiot club), Mathew Ebel, Terri Clark, and others have tied in “Membership Areas” into their websites, and they have been very successful. Why do they work? Because, the thing that fans want more of is… YOU!

Lets say for example you have 1,000 fans and they each pay only $120 yr. for access to your membership site or “Exclusive Fan Club”, that’s $120,000 yr. (1,000 fans x $120 = $120,000), or 500 fans at $100 yr is $50,000. You can adjust your price point depending on what you’re offering and how many fans you have, potentially making in the hundreds of thousands. You could make enough to fund your next record, pay back investors, or do music full-time so you do not have to work the day job anymore.

Imagine if you have more fans, you could charge less and still make a really good living. With low overhead the artist can really profit. You could also offer your new CD for free to those who purchase a membership; this is the model that Prince used years ago where every concert ticket purchased came with a free CD and they were counted as record sales. This applied the concept of the “giveaway” that I mentioned earlier.

The only catch with a membership site is it’s up to you to provide valuable content to engage the fans and give them something nobody else is getting that makes them feel special. You could have a behind the scenes blog, early access to discount tickets, never seen before footage, unreleased tracks, interviews, special merchandise, etc…you get the idea.

When utilized correctly this direct communication line allows you to: learn what your fans need or want, become more real to them as you give them a glimpse into your life, and develops a stronger more direct communication line, something every die-hard fan desires. And in exchange you make a really good living whether you’re releasing a CD or not. Now, here is where it really gets cool.

If you have other products like a clothing-line, make-up line, photography, guitar lessons, artwork, you can tie this in with the ability to cross-promote those other product lines directly to your fan base. And for those Musicians, who really have it together, they will form JV (Joint Venture) Partnerships and now the possibilities of having a booming sustainable business are endless.

The key to success is setting it up, understanding your fans, and being creative about how you deliver value to them. Another key is the Musician getting out of the mind-set of how things traditionally have been done, embracing the internet, and being able to foresee where we are moving with technology, as a society, and the benefits this will bring to them as an artist.

Established busy Musicians that are not too internet savvy, with a large fan base, will also need to consider having a “fan manager” someone to manage the database, HTML Newsletters, and more. Keeping the fans engaged and that part of your business organized will become an important role as direct marketing to them becomes a powerful income stream.

Now, obviously I have not gone into the details of launching such a site or setting up the proper marketing system successfully, but its really not that difficult if you know what your doing and compared to the benefits its well worth it, but that’s a whole other post.

As marketing methods become more content based and industries continue to tighten, I think were going to see much more of this from musicians who want a real business that is not solely based on them “scoring the big deal” but based more on having a good business.

The future of the music industry is online and it is in the branding. Just having a website is no longer enough, it is now about building a community within your business. The Independent Artist will need to embrace internet marketing or they will struggle to survive. Communication lines are expanding and effective marketing methods are changing. What worked one or two years ago will not work well today.

The Music Industry is changing, our World is changing, and there will be those who watch things happen, those that make things happen, and those who wonder what happened. Which one will you be?

Craig De Borba is a Musician and a Jeff Walker Trained Product Launch Manager. For more Free independent music promotion information.

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All About Automotive Detailing

Automotive detailing can be one of the most important jobs at vehicle dealerships or detailing shops. Whether a detailer is preparing the vehicle for a sales display or getting it ready for its new owner, it’s sometimes that first impression of the vehicle that makes automotive detailing so significant. Car wash products offer exterior wash, detail services and a 100% rain and snow guarantee, discount promotions and other specials.

Good automotive detailers will know the areas on vehicles that a bad detailer can miss. Areas such as door jams, window seals, and engine cleaning are signs that you got a good detail job. Trade-in vehicles that need to be detailed are perhaps the most important as a good detail can affect its retail value. No one wants to buy a used vehicle, no matter what the performance quality, if it hasn’t been detailed properly.

Soiled upholstery and carpet stains can also prevent resale value but using the right products can show a drastic improvement if done correctly. Tobacco or smoking in a vehicle are no longer challenges for the good automotive detailer. Various manufacturers are now producing machines such as Ionizers that when placed in a vehicle for a small period of time can take out the effects of smoking smells.

Automotive detailing products are important. Products or mitts that can scratch, wear out the paint, or dull chrome should not be used and a good automotive detailer will know which products to avoid.

Automotive detailing product salespeople who promote their products and claim they are the best visit many dealerships. Beyond what products auto detailers are using, a customer should look at the detail shop or detail area. Is it clean? Are the products organized, or are the detailers running back and forth, sharing products, or worse, leaving the detail area looking for their equipment? Check them out for cleanliness and accessibility of the automotive detailing items they use-are they nearby?

A good automotive detailer will use tools such as small brushes with soft bristles for vent cleaning. Detailing tools that have small rubber tips are good for cleaning dirt out of seams and trim. Wheel and tire brushes are also a must. Some products such as mitts and brushes are now being offered by the manufacturers with color-coding. This color-coding helps the detailer identify which is the best tool for the process in a quick and easy manner. Bottles of cleaners should also be color-coded for automotive detailing use. Grabbing the wrong solution can be detrimental to the detailer if he is in a hurry. The color-coding process has eliminated the mistakes sometimes made in the automotive detailing business.

Some automotive detailing shops even offer services that will check your wiper blades and other viewable parts that can easily be replaced by a detailer at a lower cost than a mechanic or technician.

A big job for the automotive detailer is new vehicle preparation. If a dealer sells new vehicles, as they are shipped in, they are inevitably full of dust, debris and, road wear from the shipping process. Not only is the automotive detailer responsible for cleaning the new vehicle, most car dealerships will provide them with a checklist of other items to check for operation. The checklist can include items such as setting the clock and radio, testing the key fobs to see if they are working correctly, removing the new vehicle plastic and stickers, and, taking the vehicle on a small test drive to check wipers, air-conditioning and, other essential elements.

Probably the last thing a good automotive detailer can offer is the trip to the gas pump to fill your vehicle up with a full tank. If your detailing company or dealership offers this, it may save you dollars. Many dealerships receive gasoline discounts and are happy to pass them along to the customer to keep them coming back, so check that out when you visit your automotive detailer or dealership.

Automotive detailing takes a lot if care. People who work in this area should be the kind of people who love the detailing process and the outcomes they achieve. They are people who have high levels of energy and communication skills to ensure the customer is getting what they want. If chosen right, the good automotive detailer can make all the difference in that new, used, or customer vehicle. Good automotive detailers will keep customers coming back to any shop and are sometimes overlooked for the talents they possess.

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How to Detail Your Automobile

Some say that Guido da Vigevano built the first car in 1335 that used a windmill type assembly to drive a set of gears to turn the wheels. I would say that if that is the case, that he probably was also the first one to clean a car. Now the car wash/detailing industry has become a multi-billion dollar industry. Although why would you want to spend you hard earned money on having some one else detail your car? When you could do it yourself, and make sure it is completed correctly and the way you want. Besides I know a lot of car enthusiast out there who would really prefer to detail their cars themselves. One of the joys that many people take when they’ve purchased a new car, truck, SUV or other vehicle is pampering it with car detailing products.

After years of experience and talking with some of the best product/technical representatives around today, I have compiled a how to guide for car owners that want to do there own work. This guide is intended for all car enthusiasts on all levels. Maybe you are new to car detailing or you are just looking for some new “tricks” to give you the advantage at your next car show. Either way I hope that this guide helps you on your journey.

First off detailing is hard work and time consuming. No matter what your reason for wanting to detail your car from wanting to attend a car show to selling your vehicle detailing will be well worth your time and effort. Now there are products out there that say that it will cut your time in half, and that you only need to do it once a year. However, several professional detailers I talked with said that many of the new cheaper products are indeed too good to be true and can damage paint jobs. This is why I suggest staying away from low quality products and sticking with the known products. There is nothing that works as well as hard work and some elbow grease. I will make some suggestions as I continue through the guide, but if you have a product you really like, go ahead and use it.

Before you get started you will need:

Paper towels, rags, and chamois. Old t-shirts work well, and if you can find any old “clean” cloth diaper use them because they make excellent rags for polishing the finish and are great for windows.

Brushes. You’ll need a few different varieties and sizes to get into the hard to reach areas. An old toothbrush works well, and several cotton swabs.

Wash bucket. Make sure it is clean, and you may want to keep is as your car washing bucket only. This may help prevent getting unwanted dirt and chemicals in a bucket you use to clean your car with.

Wash mitts and or a good quality sponge.

Bug removal sponge

Power Washer or a good hose nozzle with different head types. Power Washers are getting pretty reasonably priced now and you can pick them up at any hardware store.

Shop Vacuum or equivalent.

Orbital Buffer. Again these are getting pretty reasonably priced.

Now where to begin? Most professionals I talk to suggest starting on the interior first, so the dust and dirt you brush out won’t settle on a cleaned exterior. Remove any floor mats and give the carpeting and upholstery a good vacuuming. Move the seats forward and backward to get all the dirt including in the tracks, and door jams. You should also use one of your harder bristled brushes to get any dirt out from the cracks; it is also good for stirring up the carpet mat so you can get most of the junk out of the carpet.

Now if you have any stubborn stains in the upholstery or carpet this is the time to deal with them. Use an all purpose cleaner to get the stubborn stains out. Saturate the stain with cleaner, working it in with a damp sponge. Let it sit awhile and then blot it out with a dry towel. Make sure to read the direction on the cleaner for specific precautions. You can also use a window cleaner sprayed on a rag to get the headliner clean. Don’t forget the trunk/hatchback areas as well.

You can repair burns and holes in your carpet by cutting out the area with a razor blade. Then cut a similar size piece from a hidden spot, such as underneath the seat, and cement it in place using a water resistant adhesive. Blend in the repair by brushing the repaired piece with the old. You can also go to a carpet outlet and can buy a carpet sample for pretty reasonable price that could match the carpet of the car. If your carpet is still looking bad you can shampoo it to get any remaining dirt and grease out. You can usually rent these machines at a carpet store or even you local grocery/retail chain. Start with the carpets on the driver’s side then the seats; this keeps the water to a minimum. Move around the whole car until you’re done. Again make sure you read any precautions from the manufacturer.

Now move on to the interiors hard surfaces, clean them with a damp cloth and a mild all-purpose cleaner. If you have leather upholstery, dress the surfaces with a leather conditioner; spray it on a rag for tight areas. Never use a vinyl product on leather. Worn or torn areas of vinyl can be repaired using kits made for this purpose. Repairs are made with a patch that lets you match the color and grain of your upholstery. Worn areas of leather can be touched up with dyes or a high grade shoe polish.

Now for one of the harder parts the dash. First you can blast any dust away with a can of compressed air. Clean air vent grilles with cotton swabs and brighten them up by misting on some spray on rubber dressing. Spray any dress up cleaner on a soft towel and then apply it to the rest of the dash, be careful around the instrument panel.

Then move on to the windows. If you are like me, then you hate cleaning windows for the fear of streaks. Some pointers in this area are to don’t spray directly on the window, but onto a rag. Have a dry cloth ready to wipe it dry. You can even use newspaper to wipe it dry, the abrasiveness acts like a polish and it won’t leave any streaks. Also make sure you rinse your hands off before cleaning your windows, this will help remove any unwanted dressing. If you have aftermarket window tint film, it may be degraded by cleaners that contain ammonia or vinegar. Factory tinting is in the glass and is not affected by these cleaners.

Now it’s time to move to the exterior of your car, well kind of, detailing your engine. First you will need to cover any sensitive equipment such as electrical components. Try using a heavy duty aluminum foil for this step. If you use a home pressure washer for this, be careful, you can blow water in areas that weren’t meant to get wet. I prefer using a regular garden home for this step. After you have sealed everything off, spray a heavy duty degreaser on to the cool temperature engine. Again read any warnings or precautions on the degreaser. Use a pointy brush to get any stubborn deposits. Then spray down with your hose, making sure you get all of the degreaser off.

Once you’re satisfied, start up the motor and let it run for a while with the hood down. Then remove the foil and use a rag sprayed with the degreaser and wipe down any parts covered. Now you can wipe everything down with a rubber dressing or shining product. However, do not spray or wipe down your belts, and make sure you read any precautions on the product.

Were finally on to the part about actually washing your car. Make sure that you are using a clean wash mitt or sponge, and that your bucket is free of dirt and contaminates. Work in the shade and make sure the surface is cool. Make sure that you are using a good car wash, and don’t use dishwashing detergents. The dishwashing detergent damages the finish, stripping it of vital oils causing it to dry out.

Presoak the car first making sure you get rid of any of the big dirt. Also remove any bug and tar items time using tar & bug remover with a sponge. Move on to the rims, since rims collect brake dust and road debris. Use a wheel cleaner that is made for your type of rims such as being clear coated or not. Don’t overlook the under side of the vehicle, and the gas cap lid as well. Now start at the top of your vehicle and move your way down. Make sure that you get all areas, and rinse often. To do a final rinse, remove the spray head from the hose and flood the finish. The water will tend to run off in sheets, minimizing spotting. When drying the vehicle off, you can use a chamois to get the bulk of the water, but finish it off with soft towels.

When you’re done washing and the car is mostly dry, apply your rubber dressings to the tires, bumpers and any plastic parts you want to shine. This gives the car to finish drying and you can then look for missed areas or water runs.

Most people stop here and say they are done, if they even get to this point. They over look one of the most important steps in detailing and preserving a vehicle, and that is waxing. Now the market is full of different types of waxing products, but how many of them actually work? Most of the average cheap waxes contain a very small portion of wax in them, and use petroleum instead. Products that are like this do very little in preserving and waxing the paint, if anything they just waste your time and money. Also be aware of the spray on wax with water. These waxes might give some protection for a day or two, but nothing like the protection of a carnauba wax.

Before you wax you need to get rid of any oxidation you may have. Typically, you will not have to do this every time. Oxidation depends on how much you wax, when you wax, how much sun the car is exposed to, and other weather conditions. Oxidation can usually be removed with a clear coat compound. For standard finishes you can step up to polishing compound, which is mild but still too harsh for clear coats. If you do use these products, you must seal the paint after.

If you decided to use a compound for oxidation, then you must seal the paint. You can buy a glaze/sealer to do this. Most sealers or glazers you apply by wiping on. Then use soft towels to remove it after it has hazed over.

Now you are ready to wax. Make sure you are using a good wax, preferably one with high amounts of carnauba wax in it. Again, start at the top of your vehicle and do small sections as you work your way down. Don’t let it sit more than 5-8 minutes before removing, and two thin coats of this is much better than one thick coat. Also apply it with a side to side motion instead of circular to prevent swirls. Be sure to include door jambs, and the areas beneath door hinges and behind bumpers. Minor blemishes may be neutralized by wrapping a cotton cloth around your index finger and burnishing the polish into the finish.

If you machine-buff the polish/wax to a high luster, go with an orbital rather than a rotary model, which would be more likely to burn the paint. The rotary buffer is much faster than orbital but in the wrong hands can easily damage paint. Treat the plastic chrome as if it were a painted surface and protect it with a light coat of wax. Try and not get any on the black rubberized parts. If you do, spray it with a mist and wipe product and wipe it down with a terry cloth towel. If that doesn’t work a professional detailer gave this as a suggestion: Microwave some peanut butter and apply it to the stain with a soft toothbrush. Peanut butter’s oils dissolve the wax and its abrasive enough to lift the stain. If you get a polish/wax residue around emblems or in crevices, break out the cotton swabs and toothbrushes. After removing it all go around and remove any excess from the cracks and emblems using a brush and towel. Cloth diapers are excellent for buffing up a shine.

Here’s a tip: break the car down into equal sections. Apply the prep/sealer/wax to one section at a time before moving on to the next. This let’s you concentrate your efforts on small areas at a time.

Also keep a good car duster around for getting the dust that some products leave behind.
Plus remember to protect your cars finish from the elements as much as possible. This means storing the car in a garage, covered area, or with a good quality car cover. A car that is constantly exposed to sunlight and other environmental hazards will deteriorate quicker and require significantly more cosmetic maintenance.

We hope that you found the information helpful.

For the best selection and lowest prices, shop with a reputable dealer such as Moose Pak LLC at

Komaka Wilson has been in the auto accessory and detailing business for over 15 years.

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Installation Art – The Artist As Leader in Large Art Projects

Installation Art: Adopting the Appropriate Leadership Style for the Artist


During the course of installing many works both sculptural and painted, Michelangelo in the 1500s was involved in not only the painting and chipping away on his famous sculptures, but was involved in supervising and managing a team of workers to aid in his projects. Michaelangelo did not construct the scaffolding to paint the ceiling nor did he carry the tons of marble back to the Medici chapel. He enlisted the hands and bodies of other painters, and sculptors to work with him to complete his projects. In 2005, Christo and Jeanne-Claude installed the Gates in Central Park New York. There were 7503 gates, 16 feet tall of various widths up to 25 feet. New York’s Central Park was the site of a large art installation for 16 days in early 2005. The exhibit of installation art stretched out for miles and 100s of individuals worked under the direction of the artists. Usually freelance storyboard artist job is not easy because of tight deadlines required by each client, they need to finish each task on time.

Installation Art

There are many versions of installation art mostly focused on varying degrees of perceiving the landscape in different ways. Art as an installation is larger, and consists of the artist/s functioning as a designer and leader using others to implement the design. One might also suggest that the work of various architects exists in a tension between their role as architects and artists engaged in creating a work of art rather than a building. One point is clear conceptually and that is installation art requires that the artist/s function as leader rather than creator.

The Nature of Leadership

Definition of Leadership

Leadership is a concept describing a relationship between a given individual and a group of followers whereby the followers behave in accord to the wishes, demands, needs, or wants of the given individual. Theoretically, the followers move in the direction the leader wants them to move. To the extent that the followers depend on the leader for direction, to a similar extent the leader depends on the followers to carry out his commands (Badaracco ,1989)..
How Leadership Works

Andrew Fastow, the chief financial officer of Enron, told his underlings that they should perform certain acts, even though such acts were illegal. They performed these acts because he said they should perform them and he was their leader. Normally, people would refuse such a request, but due to the relationship being one of leader/followers, the norms, laws, and traditions typically in place were supplanted by the leadership dynamic (Eichenwald, 2004).
Activities That Leaders Perform

Leaders perform a variety of important activities within a company. In particular, they are change agents, initiators, and implementers. They see that certain things need to be changed, and as such, begin the change and get involved in the actual change making. They take control of the process when necessary, or when the process or organization is not performing effectively. They jump in and take the reins.

In addition, leaders solidify things when the structure is losing shape. They keep it together by focusing on the whole, rather than the parts. They do not look at the bolts of the building, but at the total building.

From a character perspective, they set a good example by leading a life of integrity because they want their followers to follow suit. Immoral followers set the stage for the leadership dynamic to fall apart.

Additionally, they are the point person in times of crisis. They propel movement forward even though things are not looking up. The leader does not accept problems to remain on his watch. Unresolved problems hold movement back. The leader organizes and delegates responsibilities with respect for the people assigned to tasks (Badaracco ,1989).

The Factors of Good Leadership

There are several factors that affect the quality of leadership. For one, leaders must be part of change implementation. Non- involvement is taken by the users of the change as a negative commentary on the particular change. Leaders also must respect their underlings and counterparts.

Leaders must always look for reality-driven initiatives rather than theoretical ones. Their control function must recognize all the parts that shape a given function, not just a few. Likewise, leaders must stress structure over flexibility. It is never acceptable to break the rules of the organization, or skate around them.

Leaders should present a crystal clear image of themselves without spin. Leaders must be doers, not talkers or thinkers. The northern advance under McClellan during the Civil War went nowhere because its leader thought about it too much instead of taking action (Badaracco ,1989).

Leadership Issues

There are a variety of leadership issues that can arise. For instance, although leadership is an interesting concept, it is not altogether clear that it is empirically verifiable. It is questionable whether the relationship of the leader and followers truly identifies followers, or merely people doing what they would do normally in the absence of the leadership dynamic – for instance, such as religious zealots.

So, is leadership more than what a designated role consists of? Is the president the president, or the president/leader? What is the role of egocentrism in a follower’s behavior? Does the follower do “x” because the leader wants him to, or because it is in the best interest of the follower to do so?

Some newspaper organizations promote individuals as exceptional leaders. Jack Welch a former leader of General Electric is cast as a great leader by the newspaper also publishing books by him and or his ghost writer. To what extent do mass media organizations promote as the result of talent or financial incentives?

Additionally, what is the best arena to identify where leadership dwells? Is it business, politics, or education?

Leadership Styles

Political Leadership

The fundamental driving force of any company is not that the corporate leader acts as a father figure in an ideal family, but that the leader acts politically to juggle, shape, and propel the various forces countermanding his goals and approaches. The forces serving as bulwarks to his activities and intentions are splintering and inertial. Splintering forces are identified as self-interest, limited resources, specialization and fragmentation of authority, and localitis. The forces of inertia are resistance to change, standard operating procedures, and satisficing.

Self-interest- Followers are always looking out for number one, themselves, and will resist goals that are not beneficial. The political leader must recognize this and work in ways to present goals that appear to be beneficial to an underling.
Limited resources- Realizing that within a company there is always competition for limited resources, political leaders must pave the way to have these resources available to actualize their goals. Accounting and financial management must be advised to release resources beforehand so that goals do not end up in the delete file.

Specialization and fragmentation of authority- In today’s corporate climate, specialization and authority are all over the place. To implement something new, many different people and departments must approve it. Political leaders recognize that to move an idea ahead, all specialists and departments must be informed and approve the new concept before it happens. The leader asks for feedback from all so everyone has a vested interest in the change.

Localitis- Departments, like commanders, believe that without them, the company would not be able to survive. The success of the company is really a function of each given department. Political leaders recognize that the company consists of small fiefdoms that must be approached and be part of new concepts. Political leaders will note to these fiefdoms that the company needs their help to continue operating successfully.

Satisficing- Followers will always work to provide results that are satisfactory, but not great or exemplary. Political leaders work to motivate followers to do the greatest job they can and not just an acceptable one.

Resistance to change- Employees don’t like change because change presents uncertainty. The word change is translated by employees to mean layoff. Political leadership finds it necessary to let employees know that change is going to make work life better and easier. Political leaders work with employees to demonstrate that the change is important, and leadership is behind it all the way.

Standard operating procedures (SAP)- An SAP is a structure that keeps the company running smoothly, but not always effectively or creatively. These procedures tend to work against new goals, systems, and activities because the new does not fit the old. Political leaders realize that the conveyors of the SAP must provide the framework to allow the new goals to emerge. Quoting an existing SAP to thwart a new directive is not permitted.

Political leadership in action- It seems that the concept of political leadership casts the leader in a framework much like he is a lobbyist trying to get a bill approved. The political leader accepts that the corporation consists of many powerful parts that must be recognized and addressed so that his power can emerge. We see this leader as a negotiator, and one who accepts compromise and adjustment from his followers and underlings (Badaracco ,1989).


The concepts of splintering and inertial forces are important concepts in that they make it clear that implementation of any new ideas or goals are not easy. People do not like change and if it is not apparently beneficial, such change will face an uphill battle if it is not adjusted to reflect the aforementioned needs. That people work to only do what is acceptable is an overstatement. In today’s market, acceptable would be great since it implies that they are showing up for work. The concept of political leadership does have some problems. For instance, the set up of the corporate power relationship in which the leader’s power is matched against the power of the people and departments under him is not always accurate. That those under him have the power to thwart him is true; however, that they would want to given the fact that they could be fired for any reason (or no reason) makes it questionable. In point, the problems of political leadership are not power problems, but realities of corporate processing. These processes will slow the leader down, but since he is the leader he will conquer them because he has the power of hiring and firing. The attitude in this climate seems to be, “if you have a problem with change, you can leave”.

In addition, it seems that the political leader spends all his time being political, when he should be looking at costs and revenue as well. Focusing on negotiation, adjustment, and compromise leaves the company with very little structure or vision. How would employees know what to do if all activities are in a state of change or flux?

And finally, it seems that the assumption of political leadership is that since the leader and followers spend all their time negotiating and compromising, companies exist in a healthy framework. They have the time to solidify their wants and needs. I would argue that rather than the assumption of health, one should assume that most companies are unhealthy. They spend much of their time involved in fixing things – that is, chasing after money, trying to sell when no one wants to buy, looking for a few good employees, and so forth.

Directive Leadership

The directive leadership style recognizes that people work not only because of external benefits – such as better benefits and more pay – but because they want to achieve and be fulfilled. They want to feel that they are responsible for their work and feel their work is something meaningful and worth looking forward to and being proud of. The directive leader also recognizes that while the forces of splintering and inertia are negative processes or structures in an organization, these can be outmaneuvered by vigilant managers pushing for corporate coherence and non-acceptance of corporate politics. Such leaders also note that leadership does not succumb to what employees want, or what their motivations are. Directive leaders push their own vision, goals, and requirements.

The directive leader moves in opposition to the political leader in a variety of ways. These differences are found in company goals, communication, proactiveness, standard operating procedures, simplicity, resolving conflict, and satisficing.

Company goals- Political leaders establish goals as a result of employee consensus and input. They assume that if employees do not participate in the decision-making process, leader goals will be thwarted and weakened by vested interests and bureaucratic systems and structures. Political leaders look to the employees to provide a vision of what direction the corporation should be heading. Directive leaders do not ground their vision and goals on employee participation, but on what they believe the vision should entail. Corporations are not democracies, but autocracies. The leader announces and the followers obey. This is not to say that directive leaders are not listeners. They listen to people who provide sound information resting on objective data.

Communication- Political leaders want informal and flexible communications provided to their followers. This allows them to have room to negotiate and compromise on issues and functions. Directive leaders want clear, concise communications in words, actions, decisions, systems, and structures. They want their followers to be able to understand what is expected of them, and how they should perform. Informal communications breed confusion, anxiety, and uncertainty.

Proactiveness- Political leaders, dependent on employee wants and a flexible, informal system, tend to operate reactively. They are firemen putting out fires. Conversely, directive leaders are proactive, and they are involved. They dislike fires, so they make sure that fires don’t occur or are put out before they have to get involved. Directive leaders are also hands-on, get in your face, aggressive individuals. They don’t respond to happenings, they make the happenings.

Standard operating procedures- Political leaders look at SOPs as possible threats and bulwarks to leadership goals being met. They argue that they prevent creativity and forward movement. Directive leaders look at SOPs as necessary processes and structures available to move their goals forward without impediments. They exist to allow users to make sound decisions. The directive leader looks at SOPs as mechanisms of efficiency and effectiveness.

Simplicity- The political leader, by focusing on adjustments, compromise, and negotiations, creates a complex corporate environment in which followers really do not understand the nature of the company, what it stands for, and what goals they should be attempting to achieve. Directive leaders look for simplicity in both the quantity and quality of expected outcomes. They set up only a few goals and present them as simplistically as possible. With these few goals, followers have very little leeway for politics, are focused, and are clear about what is expected from them.
Resolving conflict- Political leaders resolve conflicts by negotiation. Directive leaders resolve them by notifying the parties involved that it better be resolved quickly and in terms of what is best for the company. In point, the conflict better have something to do with making the bottom line more positive.

Satisficing- Political leaders assume that agents work only to provide an acceptable product. Directive leaders assume that employees work to provide the best possible product, not one that is merely satisfactory. Hence, directive leaders push for raising the standard of outcomes. They want the better of the best (Badaracco ,1989).


The concept of directive leadership is a salient concept for several reasons. First, it recognizes that a company is more than a political entity in which groups and people operate to control their own interests and departments. It notes that companies look to competition to drive their own operations. If you don’t watch how the competition is possibly going to influence your bottom line, you might be out of business. In sum, directive leadership says that the significant weaknesses of a company are not the political situations, but the external threat of the competition.
Additionally, directive leaders provide clear communications so that workers know how to work, and what to work toward. Informal communications only create confusion in the workplace and, as a result, lost efficiencies and monies.
And finally, directive leaders assume that employees want to perform at their best because if they aim for only satisficing, then satisficing is what they will get (Badaracco ,1989).

Values Leadership

The values leadership style promotes the concept that the overarching driving force of any leader is to instill in their workers the view that economics, finance, and making money take second place to the values of the company. Values establish corporate product and service quality. They make the company great and create great employees. Promoting values over the bottom line bonds the employees not to the leader, but to the company. As such, this bonding propels employees toward leadership, autonomy, and creativity. This philosophy looks toward delegation of authority, invisible leadership, and constant movement to make systems and structures better in sync with corporate values. SOPs no longer exist as bulwarks to prevent change, but help to promote change. The focus on values pushes the company and employees to greater performance and quality. So how does the values leadership style compare with the political and directive?

Corporate vision- Values leadership – like political leadership – looks to the employees for a consensus on what the vision should be for the company. Alternately, the directive style creates a vision via what the leader says the vision is. Employees exist to create profits.

Conflict- When it comes to conflict, political leaders look for compromises to conflict, while directive leaders look at conflict as problems to be resolved quickly, and values leaders look to resolve the conflict in favor of espoused company values.

Standard operating procedures- When dealing with standard operating procedures (SOPs), structures and systems, political leaders look at SOPs as mechanisms set up to prevent goal satisfaction. Conversely, directive leaders see them as the foundation for efficient and effective corporate processing, while values leaders look to them as devices capable of transmitting company values.

Informal vs. formal environment- Political leaders prefer an informal company environment to allow room for negotiation and compromise. Values leaders want informality also so that creativity and great performance will not be stifled by rigid structures, and values can be developed through SOPs. On the other hand, directive leaders want formal structures so that the company does not overreach its bounds, or fall prey to feel-good meanderings or wasted efforts.
Satisficing- And finally, when it comes to satisficing, political leaders believe employees work only toward acceptable levels. They produce what is good enough. Values leaders look at employees as wanting to do the best job possible, and see them as performing better than expected. In their eyes, the job of the leader is to help grow and funnel these energies toward the performance employees want. Directive leaders look at employees as profit mechanisms. They are hired to perform and they get paid for their performance (Badaracco ,1989).


There are certainly some interesting strengths and weaknesses associated with values leadership. Firstly, when it comes to employee spin, promoting the concept that employees are the most important aspect of a company is an interesting concept. This concept is unabashedly true. A company could not survive without employees. Promoting this concept is good in that it makes employees feel special. That employees really create success for a company is questionable, however. The hope or value of employees is not that they are creative or exemplary, but that they show up for work without an attitude, on time, and are willing to work beyond their eight hours for overtime pay without an excuse.

Like the issue of employee spin, the concept of a value is a nebulous term. Values are relative, subjective, changeable, and non-enduring. It is not convincing to assume that employees are either interested or fully understand company values. Likewise, believing that leaders really know what values they are pushing is sometimes far- fetched. Further, there are some questions about how values can be systemized and how to know that they are being carried out. Given that such issues are problems, it is questionable whether values really provide anything to the bottom line.

Regarding informality, it is accepted that there are times when informality is a necessity. Leaders do not want everyone to know what is taking place at a strategic junction or crisis in the life of a company, and the approach in order to do this is to keep things unstructured and loose. However, this should not be pushed as the operating norm. Flexible, informal structures breed misunderstandings, uncertainty, and anxiety. This promotes, as a consequence, an unfocused employee and a company whose activities are cyclical and lacking in continuity.

And finally, there is a myth in values leadership of the “exemplary employee”. It is, in fact, a rare occasion when one finds an employee whose real goal is to produce more than what is expected. For the most part, employees want a job that has few responsibilities, few hours of actual work, and good pay. To assume that the employees of a company want to be exemplary flies in the face of common sense, and is lacking in empirical verification (Badaracco , 1989).

The Preferred Leadership Style for the Artist

The preferred artist leadership style picks elements of all three of the above-mentioned styles, but probably leans most heavily toward directive leadership, with some inklings of political leadership. In point:

Directive style- Leaders exist so that followers follow. The leader as artist is not creating an installation based on compromise, negotiation or listening to their underlings. Employees are there to work, not to advise. The artist has the vision which necessitates the workers following. This is not to say that the artist should not listen on occasion but that the followers in general do not have his vision and as such should direct their activities to the assigned work at hand.

Confrontation-Take issues and problems by the horns and deal with them.

Clarity- Be clear in what you say, and expect exactitude in follower responses.
Decision making- Decide based on empirical data and logic; accept nothing on face value. All info should be based on research and hard data.

Structure- Structure is key, flexible standards leave the door open for more flexibility. All activities should be supported by standard operating procedures, which are inflexible.

Operations- Know your project. Know how your operation is processed.

Intangibles-Don’t focus on them.

Integrity- Have integrity and manifest it openly, otherwise your followers won’t follow you.

Top-down approach- Very little emerges from the bottom up except problems and issues. Top down makes these go away.

Substance- Focus on substance and let processes take care of the mundane.

Compromise- Offer very little of it. Compromise is unending. Offering up “A” will pave the way for offering up “B”, and so on.

Respect- Leaders should respect those working under them


Installation of large art projects places the artist in an unfamiliar realm. Usually working alone, installation art requires that the group replace the artist as the sole mover of a given work. The artist needs additional hands to complete his creation and must depend on others to do so. It is at this point that the artist must wear the hat of a leader,

-controlling, planning, scheduling, and organizing grand activities based on the talents of many others carrying out his vision or design. The artist does not need to negotiate, or compromise, nor is he pushing company values. The driving force is to create a work the artist envisions. The preferred leadership approach is directive, since it is the one style matching the needs of a large project absent of values and politics. The followers are there to be directed without value or compromise.

Badaracco, J.L., & Ellsworth, R.R. (1989). Leadership and the quest for

integrity. Cambridge, Ma: Harvard Business School Press

Eichenwald, K. (2005). Conspiracy of fools. New York: Broadway Books

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Bundling Up With Your Sweetheart at a Romantic Ski Resort in Sun Valley, Idaho

Finding a place that combines romance with winter adventure is a difficult search. However, we have found the perfect location for you sitting in the lap of bald mountains and lush green valley, Sun Valley Ski Resort at Idaho will be your ultimate romantic retreat with your loved one. Experience the wonderful vacation by getting a Canada ski packages at

Brief History
After the success of the 1932 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, winter sports began to see a significant increase in American past time activity. Alpine Skiing by far became the most popular sport. William Averell Harriman, a son of the chairman of the executive committee for the Union Pacific Railroad company, to which Harriman’s banking business would be a top financer for the Union Pacific Railroad company after his father passed away on September 6, 1909. Harriman was an avid skier. After several ski trips on the European Alps he wanted to setup a ski resort here in the United States that could equal to the alps and give Americans that experience locally because most Americans could not afford trips just to ski in the European Alps. William Averell Harriman financed a project and hired a surveyor to travel across the western United States to find an appropriate location to build this ski resort. The surveyor was an Austrian count named Felix Schaffgotsch. He made a stop in Ketchum Idaho after a United Pacific Railroad employee informed him that a lot of money was paid for snow removal when the company was extending the rail line through this area of Idaho. Upon surveying the area Schaffgotsch saw huge potential for a mountain resort due to an abundance of snowfall, sunshine, a moderate elevation, and it was protected from the wind. The tallest mountain being Bald Mountain was well as the other peaks nearby provided excellent conditions for skiing. Harriman stopped in to check out the location and liked it as well and approved the purchase of the 3,888 acre land. In 7 months a mountain resort was completed, but it was named Brass Ranch and not Sun Valley. The name was not changed to Sun Valley until 1936.

Getting there
Hailey’s Friedman Memorial Airport is 14 miles from Sun Valley village. The airport is sizably linked to all the major American airport hubs such as Seattle (SEA), Los Angeles (LAX) and Salt Lake City (SLC). You can find flights to Sun Valley with Horizon Air and SkyWest. Horizon Air has daily direct flights between Sun Valley and Los Angeles and Seattle. For SkyWest you can fly direct from Salt Lake City. If you are a west coast resident you can be in Sun Valley in 1-2 hours. Upon arrival you can hop on the complimentary guest shuttles that operate between Friedman Memorial Airprot and Sun Valley Resort. If you fly into Boise Airport (BOI) then you can hop on the Sun Valley States charter bus, which have a daily schedule from the airport to the resort. Adult fares will run you $50 each way, children (3-10 years) are $10 each way, and very young children are complimentary. You will definitely want to check the website for Sun Valley Stages for their latest schedule and pricing. Their bus schedule will change based on the summer or winter season. The bus ride will take a little over 4 hours from Boise Airport. The last option is you can rent your own car and explore the area on your own and at your own pace if you want to check out other sites on your way to the resort.

The Sun Valley Lodge is a state-of-the art luxury lodge that was built to offer all the necessary amenities a winter sports fan will need. There are 148 rooms that range from the Deluxe room option offering 2-bed or 1-king bed options, rooms offering a balcony with stunning mountain backdrop views, and suite style rooms that can accommodate a small family. The Sun Valley Inn’s European décor work makes it a good choice too. Condominiums are an interesting mix of ease and inexpensiveness. Cottages could also be your preferred option, which are splendidly made with every luxury you can think of!

Featured Attractions
The Sun Valley Resort is a state of the art dream come true for any win any winter recreation enthusiast regardless whether you are a total novice or at the advanced expert level. It is a 58,000 square foot facility that sits behind the lodge and offers everything from a fine dining restaurant, lounge, bar area, ski & equipment rental. It provides all the amenities to give visitors the true ski resort experience. If you and your sweetheart are coming here to ski for the first time then the Nordic Center offers a ski package for around $40 that includes both ski instruction from professional skiers and your ski rentals. Falling down is just a part of learning the nuances of skiing, but watching your sweetheart fall on her bum makes for more memorable fun. If you want to try something easier rent out two pairs of snowshoes and head out to one of the many groomed trails. The resort boasts 40 km of trails that where some trails offer gentle terrain for you to snowshoe with your partner and explore the winter wilderness. The resort also offers a sleigh ride and dinner at the Trail Creek Cabin package. The sleighs are pulled by horses that depart from the Nordic Center and take you through scenic the wilderness arriving at Trail Creek Cabin. The rides run three times a day at 5:45pm, 7:00pm, and 8:15pm and will take about 30 minutes. Upon arriving you will get a chance to dine on delicious foods and an opportunity to try some of the locally caught game meat. It will be a great experience for two people to share. You will have plenty of things to do for entertainment around the village area. If you head over to the Sun Valley Duchin Lounge they have live jazz music every evening and you and your partner can order up some cocktails and take in the sounds or if you love to dance then head on over to the dance floor. Whichever you choose you will not want the night to be over until the restaurant has to close. It is okay though because the lounge is open until 1am. Not bad, right? In the village center this resort town has a charming Opera House that can seat about 340 guests. When there are no shows it doubles as a movie theater. Call the Opera House at (208) 622-2244 and get information on the latest events and show times. Once you are tired you can retire back to your Sun Valley Resort Parlor Suite and cozy up with your beloved on the couch in front of the fireplace wondering to yourself it probably does not get any better than this.

Places to eat
Sun Valley Lodge Dinning room makes for an interesting dining experience. It is the only place with live music and dinner dancing. The other places that you can get wholesome food are Lookout Restaurant, Dollar Cabin, Ram and many more.

B H Yao invites new and seasoned travelers from the online community to read original articles on travel tips, vacations for couples and families, world travel at World Travel Guide. Come on by for more great updates on North America Dude Ranch Vacation

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Seven SEO trends to watch in 2018

As we reach the fourth quarter of 2017, it’s time to start thinking about the year ahead and what to expect from SEO in 2018. SEO company Sydney involves finding out just how people are coming to your website – what terms they use, what questions they ask, etc.

There are number of search industry trends that we’ve seen the very beginnings of this year and last, which will come into greater prominence in 2018.

Here are seven you should be keeping an eye on in order to stay ahead of the curve.
Voice search and digital assistants

Voice search technology presents a big opportunity for changing the way we communicate and process information. The rise of digital assistants has presented a growing market that can change the way search queries are performed. According to Google, 1 out of 5 searches already come from voice queries.

This changes the search market and we’re expecting to see an even bigger shift towards voice search in 2018. When it comes to setting up an SEO strategy, the rise of voice search brings out the need to focus on more long-tail search keywords and a natural language that matches the user’s conversational tone.

As accuracy improves in digital assistants, there will be more people using voice search from their mobile devices, seeking for quick and relevant answers. It becomes important to research the voice user intent will provide more accurate results, helping the algorithms provide the best answer.

Moreover, voice search is expected to grow even more with its integration in smart home hubs, helping companies access new data, while users enjoy a seamless experience through everyday devices. As digital assistants go beyond smartphone devices, there is a great opportunity both for SEO and content, taking advantage of a growing market that connects the brand with a user in a unique but still relevant and useful way.
Link building

Link building is not expected to disappear in 2018, but it will be more important than ever to create a strategy that seeks out quality links. There’s no need to aim for new links if they don’t add value and help you build an authority in your target niche.

This doesn’t always mean that the best backlinks come from the most popular sites, but it’s still crucial to seek coverage from sites that are relevant to your industry. Referral traffic can still contribute to your site’s organic search rankings, while it is also useful to start thinking of link building as a long-term process.

A successful SEO strategy in 2018 will move towards relationship building, helping a brand develop powerful contacts and links that will be beneficial in a longer term.

A challenge for 2018 will be dealing with guest blogs and how to involve them as an integral part of a link building strategy without hurting a brand’s reputation. Back in May Google warned publishers who rely too much on guest posting for link building that there will be a closer look at guest blogs in an attempt to control spammy and questionable links.

This brings out the need for a more diversified link building strategy, aiming for a complete backlink profile, rather than single links that can bring successful results.
User experience

User experience for SEO will become even more important in 2018. Google has made it clear that the focus is on the user and this should make more sites deliver a smooth UX for their visitors.

A good user experience increases the chances of people engaging with the pages that they visit. This helps search engines discover which pages are more useful for people, favoring them over others.

The first step is to monitor a site’s speed, its readability and its navigation structure to examine how these can be improved through the right changes. A closer look at your visitors’ browsing habits can offer helpful insights. For example, if the visits coming directly from search last just 30 seconds, then this probably means that the content or the user experience is hurting your site’s conversions.

Moreover, as more people consume content from their mobile devices, there is a growing need to provide an excellent user experience across all devices.

As SEO heads towards more relevant and personalized experiences, UX will be key to maintaining search traffic by creating an engaged audience. It’s not enough anymore to see a rise in search traffic if it’s not converting or bringing the desired engagement to create a loyal audience.

The popularity of featured snippets has increased the competition among companies trying to appear in “position 0” in the SERP. Gaining a featured snippet in search requires catering to a specific combination of factors, which has opened up SEO beyond the traditional race to the top of Google.

According to Stone Temple Consulting, almost 30% of the test Google search queries show Featured Snippets. This brings out the need for a strategy on how to optimize a site’s content to meet Google’s standards for Featured Snippets.

Lists, tables and graphs tend to be popular, while it’s also useful to create content in a Q&A format, making it easier for Google to extract the right content to show up as a featured snippet.

An interesting angle to focus on during the next year is the optimization of featured snippets for voice search. The combination of two growing trends in the search market can create a great opportunity for more companies to show up at the top of the SERPs. This will involve considering the changes in the search queries, focusing more on longer keywords and natural language.

A similar way to reach the top of the SERPs is to create content that serves as a Quick Answer. Google’s Answer Box is an enhanced type of featured snippet that aims to answer a question in a more appealing way.

It usually follows a “how” or “what” structure and is Google’s attempt to use search intent to organize the search results in a more useful way. It has been observed that the results that show up in an Answer Box can see a CTR of 32.3%.

This will bring out the need for more companies to learn more about search intent and how they can optimize their content to show up in an Answer Box. Thus, a carefully crafted Answer Box strategy can increase both a site’s authority, but also a brand’s conversion.

Mobile-first index

2018 is more than likely to be the year that brands realize the potential of putting mobile first, rather than catering to mobile as an afterthought. This is particularly true if Google decides to make 2018 the year it finally deploys its mobile-first index.

But even if it doesn’t, brands and businesses need to put mobile first anyway: a recent study by BrightEdge found that, 57% of web traffic comes from mobile devices. More than this, there is a significant difference between the way that keywords rank on mobile and the way they rank on desktop – so mobile-first content is needed in order to have the best chance of being visible in mobile search.

As mobile searches are all about context, brands should provide the best possible results for every question, while local SEO is going to become even more popular. Mobile users will seek for more content while they are on the go, which means that brands will face a big opportunity of marketing their business at a local context.

Mobile optimization for local users, along with the rise of voice search, can provide an excellent way to create a successful SEO strategy in 2018 by facilitating the search experience through personalized and relevant answers.

Site speed is critical for search engines and your page’s performance at the SERPs and Accelerated Mobile Pages can make a page load up to four times faster than a standard mobile page. According to Chartbeat, AMP load in a second and they also see a 35% improvement in engagement time.

Google’s focus on AMP has made more publishers consider their use, currently counting more than 2 billion Accelerated Mobile Pages.

The demand is expected to grow in 2018, helping companies improve their engagement and the overall user experience through fast and responsive mobile pages. Brands that want to keep up with the changes in mobile search has to keep up with the trend and experiment whether they need AMP or any other fixes to improve their site speed.

Visual search is an exciting area and the combination of technological innovation and user experience can take searching to the next level.

As the internet becomes more visually-focused, there is a great opportunity to explore the power of visual search. Major tech companies including Bing, Pinterest and Google have already invested in developing powerful visual search engines in a bid to capitalize on this new trend.

An SEO strategy in 2018 needs to consider the way we consume visual content and how search engines now go beyond text to explore the changing habits of search. Rich visuals now become more engaging and the use of neuroscience and innovation bring out an interesting and competitive market.

As the competition increases, more companies seem to acknowledge the potential of a successful visual search, while brands need to focus even more on optimizing their visual content for SEO purposes.
AI and machine learning

Artificial intelligence and machine learning are already changing the way that search results are ranked. Machine learning can also facilitate the way searches take place, helping users find contextualized results.

This will lead to a more personalized experience, while the rise of voice search and digital assistants can offer the ideal ground to develop artificial intelligence and reward successful SEO strategies that keep up with the trends.

Google’s RankBrain, or else Google’s deep learning algorithm, is also expected to affect the search landscape. Catering to RankBrain often seems like an intimidating prospect to SEOs, and the term “Artificial Intelligence Optimization” has been bandied about a fair amount.

But as Dan Taylor explained in a comprehensive look at RankBrain and SEO, there is no set way to optimize for RankBrain, although certain search practices are now more relevant than ever.

We can expect more changes to come in 2018 where AI and machine learning are concerned, and Google’s determination to develop in this area indicate that there are many more innovations on the horizon.
Improving SEO in 2018

As it seems, 2018 will be an interesting year for SEO. Traditional SEO techniques are still effective, but a number of trends are in the works that could significantly alter the practice of optimizing for search.

What is useful to understand while we proceed towards is 2018 is that SEO is already changing, and the ranking in the first organic spot is not the ultimate goal anymore. As search engines evolve, there are multiple opportunities to increase your search traffic without necessarily focusing on organic SERPs.

The rise of featured snippets, PPC, voice search and local SEO can often yield better results than an organic ranking. That’s why it’s useful to keep up with the latest trends and discover how your brand can maintain a successful SEO strategy for the year ahead by blending established and growing trends.

Logos 101 – Business Owner Guidelines for Logo Design

You should know up front that I am The Logo Handler and not a logo designer. I have designed a few logos in the past, but it is not my forte. Clients entrust their logo to me for printing and marketing purposes. While I can’t design you a glorious logo, I can tell you immediately if the logo is going to cause you troubles along the way. I’ve spent the major part of my career working with corporate logos. Some logos are great and others are a problem. They might be pleasing to the eye, but they pose a myriad of printing issues. Free logo online creator tool will help you make company logos and professional brand identity graphics.

One critical mistake people make at the very beginning is to offer their designer little to no direction. They find a designer, give them the company name and tell them to design a logo. In most cases no further direction is given. Perhaps some preferred colors or a suggestion or two on a symbol that might be used, but that’s it. The business owner assumes that the designer understands the needs and parameters of logo design. From my experience, about 50% of the logos I encounter are centered on aesthetics only. While an eye pleasing logo is important there are many other things to consider that will play an important roll down the road.


While it might be tempting to use a friend or family member who dabbles in graphic design (and are usually very cheap or even free) the logo usually ends up costing you down the road. You are more likely to encounter issues with design egos and have to deal with time delays. They may also not have the technical knowledge (bitmaps vs. vector, bleeds etc.). This is less of an issue for logo design but can cause major issues on other projects. On the other hand, don’t discredit these people. I’ve seen some great work come from aspiring designers and those who design as a hobby.

Regardless of where you find your logo designer, make sure you review their portfolio and then confirm these two criteria:

1. Find a designer that will provide you with a vector logo. If they can’t, get another designer. If they don’t know what a vector graphic is, do NOT hire them!

2. Make sure they will give you the following files:

– The original (vector) file from the program the logo was designed in.

– A (vector).pdf of the logo.

– A (vector).eps of the logo.

– Three high resolution.jpg’s of the logo, one 2″ wide, one 12″ wide and one 24″ wide.

While your computer probably does not have a program that can open the first three files, make sure you have them on a disc in your office and stored away on your computer. Future printers and designers will need these files. See Images 101 for more information on vector vs bitmap.


In addition to a logo that looks good and makes sense for your business, make sure your designer follows these guidelines. You too should run their designs through these considerations (color, size and shape):


Colors play an important role in a logo. Ideally you should keep colors to a minimum, avoid shading and keep colors separated. When printing full color digital graphics you probably won’t run into any issues. Digital printers print graphics just like your color inkjet or laser printer. In general, digital printing is expensive and is not always available for non-paper items.

Keeping colors to a minimum can save money. Printing applications for apparel, signage and promotional products will cost more for each color. Promotional products generally have a set-up charge and a run charge per color. Screen printing will also cost more for each color. Design a logo with one or two colors or have a version that can be used as a single color.

Tight color registration can cause issues. If your colors are touching that’s considered tight registration. Text that has an outline around it is a good example. Promotional items that are silk screened or pad printed can’t always achieve this. Tight registration can also become a problem if you are photocopying something in black and white. Two completely different colors can look like the same color and end up being a big black blob when photocopied. Avoid tight registration or have a version of the logo that doesn’t have tight registration for these situations.

Color fading/shading can’t always be printed. Most non-digital printing applications print solid colors. If you have a solid color that fades or shades into a darker color or another color you will need a modified version of your logo.

Custom colors can cost money. Printers carry standard ink colors such as but not limited to red, navy, royal, dark green, yellow and black. Most printers will charge a fee to mix a specific color for you. Promotional logo’d items are also mainly available in standard colors. If you selected teal blue for your logo and want to find a teal pen for your company, you would be very limited in your selection.


Text or lines that are too thin or small aren’t effective and can “disappear” when printed or photocopied. The small parts within a lower case “e” and “a” can also fill-in if they are too small. When selecting your logo make sure that you can shrink it (or a version of it) down to 1″ wide. One inch is about the smallest size you will print your logo.


Shape is much more than a vertical or horizontal design. Shape needs to take into consideration what is referred to as white space. Avoid design elements that protrude too far away from the main design. If your logo has a lot of unusable white space and you want to print it in a small area, the white space can prevent you from having space left for contact information that you want to include. See the illustration below. Think about how the logo will look when paired with your address or website. Ask the designer to put your address block next to the logo as it might appear on a business card or on letterhead.

An important note on different versions – You shouldn’t feel restricted by any of these guidelines. For example, a logo that looks like modern graffiti would most likely go against all of the guidelines above, but if that’s what you want then that’s what you should have. Just ask your designer to produce modified versions that can be printed in a single color or smaller spaces. I’ve seen companies with 10 page booklets and dozens of variations of their logo that can be used for different applications. Be prepared.

Think about color, size and shape when designing and selecting your logo. You should also have different versions for different applications. Make sure you have the right files stored away for printing. Keep in mind that the most recognizable and most famous logos are simple and the colors are limited. Work it and re-work it until you have the perfect logo. It’s your logo, take ownership of it and keep your logo visible!

Tara Bodansky, The Logo Handler is the leading source for ideas and solutions that pertain to the usage of your logo. She is also the Founder and Creator of the CREEDS Program and President of Advisability Promotions. For graphic illustrations of this article, visit

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